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Emerging Trends 


2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

The gang estimates presented in the 201 1 Nationai Gang Threat Assessment (NGTA) represents 
the coliection of data provided by the National Drug intelligence Center (NDIC) - through the 
National Drug Threat Survey, Bureau of Prisons, State Correctional Facilities, and National Gang 
Intelligence Center (NGIC) law enforcement partners. An overview of how these numbers were 
collected is described within the Scope and Methodology Section of the NGTA. The estimates 
were provided on a voluntary basis and may include estimates of gang members as well as gang 
associates. Likewise, these estimates may not capture gang membership in jurisdictions that may 
have underreported or who declined to report. Based on these estimates, geospatial maps were 
prepared to visually display the reporting jurisdictions. 

The data used to calculate street gangs and Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs estimates nationwide in the 
report are derived primarily from NDIC’s National Drug Threat Survey. These estimates do not affect 
the qualitative findings of the 201 1 NGTA and were used primarily to create the map’s highlighting 
gang activity nationally. After further review of these estimates, the maps originally provided in 201 1 
NGTA were revised to show state-level representation of gang activity per capita and by law enforce- 
ment officers. This maintains consistency with the 2009 NGTA report’s maps on gang activity. 

During the years the NGTA is published, many entities— news media, tourism agencies, and other 
groups with an interest in crime in our nation; use reported figures to compile rankings of cities 
and counties. These rankings, however, do not provide insight into the many variables that mold 
the crime in a particular town, city, county, state, region or other jurisdiction. Consequently these 
rankings lead to simplistic and or incomplete analyses that often create misleading perceptions 
adversely affecting cities and counties, along with residents. 

The FBI and the NGIC do not recommend that jurisdictions use the estimated gang membership 
totals as exact counts for the numbers of gang members. These numbers are not used by the FBI 
or NGIC to rank jurisdictions on gang activity. The FBI and NGIC recommend contacting state and 
local law enforcement agencies for more information related to specific gang activity. 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

201 1 National Gang Threat Assessment - Emerging Trends 


Preface 5 

Scope and Methodology 5 

About the NGIC 6 

Gang Definitions 7 

Regional Breakdown 8 

Executive Summary 9 

Key Findings 9 

Current Gang-Related Trends and Crime 11 

Gang Membership and Expansion 11 

Gang-Reiated Violent Crime 15 

Gang-Related Drug Distribution 

and Trafficking 17 

Juvenile Gangs 18 

Gang Alliances and Collaboration 18 

Gang Sophistication 18 

Expansion of Ethnic-Based and Non-Traditional 

Gangs 19 

Asian Gangs 19 

East African Gangs 19 

Somali Gangs 19 

Sudanese Gangs 20 

Caribbean Gangs 20 

Dominican Gangs 20 

Haitian Gangs 21 

Jamaican Gangs 21 

Non-Traditional Gangs 22 

Hybrid Gangs 22 

Juggalos 22 

Gangs and Alien Smuggling, Human Trafficking, 

& Prostitution 24 

Alien Smuggling 24 

Human Trafficking 25 

Prostitution 25 

Gangs and Criminal Organizations 26 

Gangs and Drug Trafficking Organizations ... 26 
Mexican Drug Trafficking Organizations. . . 26 

Gangs and Organized Criminal Groups 28 

Gangs and Corrections Issues 30 

Prison/Street Gang Connections 30 

Prison/Family Connection 30 

Communication 31 

Contraband Cell Phones 31 

Leadership 32 

Prison Radicalization 32 

Gang Infiltration of Corrections, 

Law Enforcement & Government 33 

Gangs and Indian Country 34 

Gangs and the Military 35 

Gangs and the US Border 39 

The Southwest Border 39 

The Northern Border 40 

Gangs, Technology, and Communication 41 

Gangs and Weapons 43 

Gangs and White Collar Crime 44 

Law Enforcement Actions and Resources 45 

Outlook 46 

Maps - Gang Presence in the United States ... 47 

Appendix A. Gangs by State 49 

Appendix B. MDTOs Alliances and Rivals 80 

Appendix C. Federal Gang Task Forces 82 

Appendix D. Acknowledgements 88 

Endnotes 94 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 


The National Gang Intelligence Center (NGIC) prepared 
the 201 1 National Gang Threat Assessment (NGTA) to 
examine emerging gang trends and threats posed by 
criminal gangs to communities throughout the United 
States. The 201 1 NGTA enhances and builds on the 
gang-related trends and criminal threats identified in 
the 2009 assessment. It supports US Department of 
Justice strategic objectives 2.2 (to reduce the threat, 
incidence, and prevalence of violent crime) and 2.4 (to 
reduce the threat, trafficking, use, and related violence 
of illegal drugs). The assessment Is based on federal, 
state, local, and tribal law enforcement and correc- 
tions agency intelligence, including information and 
data provided by the National Drug Intelligence Center 
(NDIC) and the National Gang Center. Additionally, this 
assessment is supplemented by information retrieved 
from open source documents and data collected 
through April 2011. 

Scope and Methodology 

In 2009, the NGIC released its second threat assess- 
ment on gang activity in the United States. The NGIC 
and its law enforcement partners documented increases 
in gang proliferation and migration nationwide and 
emerging threats. This report attempts to expand on 
these findings. Reporting and intelligence collected 
over the past two years have demonstrated Increases 
In the number of gangs and gang members as law 
enforcement authorities nationwide continue to identify 
gang members and share information regarding these 
groups. Better reporting and collection has contributed 
greatly to the increased documentation and reporting of 
gang members and gang trends. 

Information in the 201 1 National Gang Threat Assess- 
ment-Emerging Trends was derived from law enforce- 
ment Intelligence, open source information, and data 
collected from the NDIC, including the 2010 NDIC 
National Drug Threat Survey (NDTS). NGIC law en- 
forcement partners provided information and guidance 
regarding new trends and intelligence through an online 
request for information via the NGIC Law Enforcement 
Online (LEO) Special Interest Group (SIG), which is now 
NGIC Online. Law enforcement agencies nationwide 
continuously report new and emerging gang trends to 
the NGIC, as the NGIC continues to operate as a repos- 
itory and dissemination hub for gang intelligence. This 
information provided by our law enforcement partners 
was used to identify many of the trends and issues 
included in this report. 

Reporting used to quantify the number of street and 
outlaw motorcycle gangs and gang members was pri- 
marily derived from the 2010 NDIC NDTS data and some 
supplemental NGIC reporting from our law enforcement 
partners. NDIC annually conducts the NDTS to collect 
data on the threat posed by various illicit drugs in the 
United States. A stratified random sample of nearly 3,500 
state and local law enforcement agencies was surveyed 
to generate national, regional, and state estimates of 
various aspects of drug trafficking activities including the 
threat posed by various drugs, the availability and pro- 
duction of illicit drugs, as well as the role of street gangs 
and outlaw motorcycle gangs in drug trafficking activity. 
Weighted national, regional, and state-level statistical 
estimates derived from NDTS 201 0 data was based on 
responses received from 2,963 law enforcement agencies 
out of a sample of 3,465 agencies. 

In previous iterations of the NDTS, survey respons- 
es were validated through targeted outreach to 

jurisdictions. In the 2010 NDTS, the key assumption was 
that individual respondents provided estimates on gang 
members for their jurisdictions oniy and not included 
other jurisdictions. However, NGIC acknowiedges that 
there may be some duplication or underreporting of 
gang members because of variations in each jurisdic- 
tion’s process to estimate gang activity. 

in calculating the number of street and outlaw motor- 
cycle gang members, respondents in each region were 
asked to select from a series of ranges of numbers. 

The median numbers of each range were aggregated 
to generate an estimate for the total number of gang 
members. In calculating the number of street and 
outlaw motorcycle gangs, the low end of each range 
was aggregated to generate an estimate for the total 
number of gangs and gang members. Prison gang 
member estimates were derived directly from the US 
Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) and state correctional 
institutions across the country. 

About the NGIC 

The NGIC was established by Congress in 2005 to sup- 
port law enforcement agencies through timely and ac- 
curate information sharing and strategic/tactical analysis 
of federal, state, and local law enforcement information 
focusing on the growth, migration, criminal activity, and 
association of gangs that pose a significant threat to 
communities throughout the United States. The NGIC is 
comprised of representatives from the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation (FBI), US Drug Enforcement Administration 
(DEA), US Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and 
Explosives (ATF), US Bureau of Prisons (BCP), United 
States Marshals Service (USMS), US Immigration and 
Customs Enforcement (ICE), US Department of Defense 
(DCD), National Drug Intelligence Center (NDIC), and 

US Customs and Border Protection (CBP). This multi- 
agency fusion center integrates gang intelligence assets 
to serve as a central intelligence resource for gang 
information and analytical support. 

To assist in the sharing of gang intelligence with law 
enforcement, the NGIC has established NGIC Cniine, 
an information system comprised of a set of web- 
based tools designed for researching gang-related 
intelligence and sharing of information with federal, 
state, local and tribal law enforcement partners. The 
system’s Request for Information (RFI) portal encour- 
ages users to contribute new data as well as conduct 
gang research through custom threat assessments 
and/or liaison with NGIC’s network of national subject 
matter experts. NGIC Cniine functions include RFI 
submissions and responses: Gang Encyclopedia WIKI; 
General Intelligence Library; and a Signs, Symbols, and 
Tattoos (SST) database with user submissions. 

6 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

Gang Definitions 





Street gangs are criminal organizations formed on the street operating throughout the 
United States. 


Prison gangs are criminal organizations that originated within the penal system and 
operate within correctional facilities throughout the United States, although released 
members may be operating on the street. Prison gangs are also self-perpetuating 
criminal entities that can continue their criminal operations outside the confines of the 
penal system. 

Outlaw Motorcycle 

OMGs are organizations whose members use their motorcycle clubs as conduits 
for criminal enterprises. Although some law enforcement agencies regard only One 
Percenters as OMGs, the NGIC, for the purpose of this assessment, covers all OMG 
criminal organizations, including OMG support and puppet clubs. 

One Percenter 

ATF defines One Percenters as any group of motorcyclists who have voluntarily made 
a commitment to band together to abide by their organization’s rules enforced by 
violence and who engage in activities that bring them and their club into repeated and 
serious conflict with society and the law. The group must be an ongoing organization, 
association of three (3) or more persons which have a common interest and/or activity 
characterized by the commission of or involvement in a pattern of criminal or delin- 
quent conduct. ATF estimates there are approximately 300 One Percenter OMGs in the 
United States. 


Neighborhood or Local street gangs are confined to specific neighborhoods and juris- 
dictions and often imitate larger, more powerful national gangs. The primary purpose 
for many neighborhood gangs is drug distribution and sales. 

Regional Breakdown 

Data in this assessment is presented according to the FBI’s Safe Streets Gang Task Force regions. 




North Central 

Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, 
Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin 


Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, 
Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia 

South Central 

Alabama, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas 


Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, 
Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Virginia 


Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, 
New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming 

8 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

Executive Summary 

Gangs continue to commit criminai activity, recruit new 
members in urban, suburban, and rurai regions across 
the United States, and develop criminai associations that 
expand their influence over criminal enterprises, particu- 
iariy street-ievel drug saies. The most notabie trends for 
201 1 have been the overaii increase in gang membership, 
and the expansion of criminal street gangs’ control of 
street-level drug sales and collaboration with rival gangs 
and other criminal organizations.® 

Key Findings 

Gangs are expanding, evolving and posing an increas- 
ing threat to US communities nationwide. Many gangs 
are sophisticated criminal networks with members who 
are violent, distribute wholesale quantities of drugs, and 
develop and maintain close working relationships with 
members and associates of transnational criminal/drug 
trafficking organizations. Gangs are becoming more vio- 
lent while engaging in less typical and lower-risk crime, 
such as prostitution and white-collar crime. Gangs are 
more adaptable, organized, sophisticated, and oppor- 
tunistic, exploiting new and advanced technology as a 
means to recruit, communicate discretely, target their 
rivals, and perpetuate their criminal activity. Based on 
state, local, and federal law enforcement reporting, the 
NGIC concludes that: 

” Title 18 U.S.C. Section 521(a)(A) defines criminal street gangs 
as ongoing groups, clubs, organizations, or associations of five 
or more individuals that have as one of their primary purposes 
the commission of one or more criminal offenses. Title 18 U.S.C. 
Section 521(c) further defines such criminal offenses as (1) a fed- 
eral felony involving a controlled substance; (2) a federal felony 
crime of violence that has as an element the use or attempted 
use of physical force against the person of another and (3) a con- 
spiracy to commit an offense described in paragraph (1) or (2). 

• There are approximately 1 .4 million active street, 
prison, and OMG gang members comprising 
more than 33,000 gangs in the United States. 
Gang membership increased most significantly 
in the Northeast and Southeast regions, although 
the West and Great Lakes regions boast the 
highest number of gang members. Neighbor- 
hood-based gangs, hybrid gang members, and 
national-level gangs such as the Surehos are 
rapidly expanding in many jurisdictions. Many 
communities are also experiencing an increase 

in ethnic-based gangs such as African, Asian, 
Caribbean, and Eurasian gangs. 

• Gangs are responsible for an average of 48 
percent of violent crime in most jurisdictions and 
up to 90 percent in several others, according to 
NGIC analysis. Major cities and suburban areas 
experience the most gang-related violence. Local 
neighborhood-based gangs and drug crews con- 
tinue to pose the most significant criminal threat 
in most communities. Aggressive recruitment of 
juveniles and immigrants, alliances and conflict 
between gangs, the release of incarcerated gang 
members from prison, advancements in technol- 
ogy and communication, and Mexican Drug Traf- 
ficking Organization (MDTO) involvement in drug 
distribution have resulted in gang expansion and 
violence in a number of jurisdictions. 

• Gangs are increasingly engaging in non-tradi- 
tional gang-related crime, such as alien smug- 
gling, human trafficking, and prostitution. Gangs 
are also engaging in white collar crime such as 
counterfeiting, identity theft, and mortgage fraud, 
primarily due to the high profitability and much 
lower visibility and risk of detection and punish- 
ment than drug and weapons trafficking. 

• US-based gangs have established strong work- 
ing relationships with Central American and 
MDTOs to perpetrate iliicit cross-border activity, 
as well as with some organized crime groups in 
some regions of the United States. US-based 
gangs and MDTOs are establishing wide-reach- 
ing drug networks; assisting in the smuggling of 
drugs, weapons, and illegal immigrants along the 
Southwest Border; and serving as enforcers for 
MDTO interests on the US side of the border. 

• Many gang members continue to engage in gang 
activity whiie incarcerated. Family members 
play pivotal roles in assisting or facilitating gang 
activities and recruitment during a gang mem- 
bers’ incarceration. Gang members in some cor- 
rectional facilities are adopting radical religious 
views while incarcerated. 

• Gangs encourage members, associates, and 
relatives to obtain law enforcement, judiciary, or 
legal employment in order to gather information 
on rival gangs and law enforcement operations. 
Gang infiltration of the military continues to pose 
a significant criminal threat, as members of at 
least 53 gangs have been identified on both 
domestic and international military installations. 
Gang members who learn advanced weaponry 
and combat techniques in the military are at risk 
of employing these skills on the street when they 
return to their communities. 

• Gang members are acquiring high-powered, 
military-style weapons and equipment which 
poses a significant threat because of the po- 
tential to engage in lethal encounters with law 
enforcement officers and civilians. Typically 
firearms are acquired through illegal purchases; 

straw purchases via surrogates or middle-men, 
and thefts from individuals, vehicles, residences 
and commercial establishments. Gang members 
also target military and law enforcement officials, 
facilities, and vehicles to obtain weapons, ammu- 
nition, body armor, police gear, badges, uniforms, 
and official identification. 

• Gangs on Indian Reservations often emulate 
national-level gangs and adopt names and iden- 
tifiers from nationally recognized urban gangs. 
Gang members on some Indian Reservations are 
associating with gang members in the commu- 
nity to commit crime. 

• Gangs are becoming increasingly adaptable and 
sophisticated, employing new and advanced 
technology to facilitate criminal activity dis- 
creetly, enhance their criminal operations, and 
connect with other gang members, criminal 
organizations, and potential recruits nationwide 
and even worldwide. 

10 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

Current Gang-Related Trends 
and Crime 

Gang membership continues to expand throughout 
communities nationwide, as gangs evoive, adapt to 
new threats, and form new associations. Consequentiy, 
gang-reiated crime and vioience is increasing as gangs 
empioy vioience and intimidation to controi their terri- 
tory and iiiicit operations. Many gangs have advanced 
beyond their traditionai roie as iocai retaii drug distribu- 
tors in iarge cities to become more organized, adapt- 
abie, and infiuentiai in iarge-scaie drug trafficking. Gang 
members are migrating from urban areas to suburban 
and rurai communities to recruit new members, expand 
their drug distribution territories, form new aiiiances, and 
coiiaborate with rivai gangs and criminai organizations 
for profit and influence. Locai neighborhood, hybrid 
and femaie gang membership is on the rise in many 
communities. Prison gang members, who exert controi 
over many street gang members, often engage in crime 
and vioience upon their return to the community. Gang 
members returning to the community from prison have 
an adverse and iasting impact on neighborhoods, which 
may experience notabie increases in crime, vioience, 
and drug trafficking. 


Approximateiy 1 .4 miiiion active street, OMG, and prison 
gang members, comprising more than 33,000 gangs, 
are criminaiiy active within all 50 US states, the District 
of Columbia, and Puerto Rico (see Appendix A). This 
represents a 40 percent increase from an estimated 
1 million gang members in 2009. The NGIC attributes 
this increase in gang membership primarily to improved 
reporting, more aggressive recruitment efforts by gangs, 
the formation of new gangs, new opportunities for drug 
trafficking, and collaboration with rival gangs and drug 
trafficking organizations (DTOs). Law enforcement in 
several jurisdictions also attribute the increase in gang 
membership in their region to the gangster rap cul- 
ture, the facilitation of communication and recruitment 
through the Internet and social media, the prolifera- 
tion of generational gang members, and a shortage of 
resources to combat gangs. 

More than half of NGIC law enforcement partners 
report an increase in gang-related criminal activ- 
ity in their jurisdictions over the past two years. 
Neighborhood-based gangs continue to pose the 
greatest threat in most jurisdictions nationwide. 

• NGIC and NDIC data indicates that, since 2009, 
gang membership increased most significantly in 

’’ The gang membership presented in this section represents 
the coiiection of data provided by the National Drug Intelligence 
Center (NDiC) - through the National Drug Threat Survey, Bureau 
of Prisons, State Correctionai Faciiities, and Nationai Gang 
Inteiiigence Center (NGIC) law enforcement partners. The data 
is based on estimates provided on a voluntary basis and may 
include gang members and gang associates. Likewise, these 
estimates may not capture gang membership in jurisdictions 
that may have underreported or who declined to report. As these 
numbers are based on estimates, they only provide a general ap- 
proximation of the gang activity nationally. If you have additional 
questions on gang activity within specific jurisdictions the FBI 
and NGIC recommend contacting state and local law enforce- 
ment agencies for more information. 

National Gang Intelligence Center 11 

Table 1 . Recent Expansion of Major OMGs: 

the Northeast and Southeast regions, although 
the West and North Central regions— particularly 
Arizona, California, and Illinois— boast the highest 
number of gang members. 

• Sureho gangs, including Mara Salvatrucha (MS- 
13), 18th Street, and Florencia 13, are expanding 
faster than other national-level gangs, both in 
membership and geographically. Twenty states 
and the District of Columbia report an increase of 
Sureho migration into their region over the past 
three years. California has experienced a sub- 
stantial migration of Sureho gangs into north- 
ern California and neighboring states, such as 
Arizona, Nevada, and Oregon. 

• Law enforcement reporting indicates a significant 
increase in OMGs in a number of jurisdictions, 
with approximately 44,000 members nationwide 
comprising approximately 3,000 gangs.'" Juris- 
dictions in Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Connecti- 
cut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Missouri, 
Montana, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, 
Tennessee, Utah, and Virginia are experiencing 
the most significant increase in OMGs, increasing 
the potential for gang-related turf wars with other 
local OMGs. The Wheels of Soul (WOS), Mon- 
gols, Outlaws, Pagans and Vagos have expanded 
in several states. 


Arizona, Arkansas, California, 
Colorado, Illinois, Kentucky, 
Montana, Nevada, New York, 
Oklahoma, Oregon, Washington 

Arkansas, Montana, Maryland, North 
Carolina, New York 

Delaware, New Jersey, Ohio 

California, Florida, Georgia, 
Mississippi, Nevada, New Mexico, 
New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, 
Rhode Island, South Dakota 

Alabama, Arkansas, California, 
Wheels of Soul Colorado, Illinois, Kentucky, 

New York 

Source: ATF 





For the purpose of this assessment, OMGs include One Per- 
center gangs as well as support and puppet clubs. 

12 National Gang Intelligence Genter 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

Figure 1. Estimated Nationwide Gang Presence per Capita per State 

National Gang Intelligence Center 13 

Chart 1. Threat Posed by Gangs, According to Law Enforcement. 

The NGIC collected intelligence from law enforcement officials nationwide in an attempt to capture the threat posed 
by nationai-levei street, prison, outiaw motorcycie, and neighborhood-based gangs in their communities. 

Nationwide Threat of Gangs 

I Significant Threat Moderate Threat Low Threat Not Present Unknown 

Source: 2011 NGIC National data 

14 Nationai Gang Inteiligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 


Gang-related crime and violence continues to rise. NGIC 
analysis indicates that gang members are responsible 
for an average of 48 percent of violent crime in most 
jurisdictions and much higher in others. Some jurisdic- 
tions in Arizona, California, Colorado, Illinois, Massa- 
chusetts, Oklahoma, and Texas report that gangs are 
responsible for at least 90 percent of crime. A compari- 
son of FBI Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) 2009 violent 
crime data and 2010 NGIC gang data illustrates that 
regions experiencing the most violent crime— includ- 
ing southern California, Texas, and Florida— also have 
a substantial gang presence (see Figure 1 and Map 1). 
Street gangs are involved in a host of violent criminal 
activities, including assault, drug trafficking, extortion, 
firearms offenses, home invasion robberies, homicide, 
intimidation, shootings, and weapons trafficking. NDIC 
reporting indicates that gang control over drug distri- 
bution and disputes over drug territory has increased, 
which may be responsible for the increase in violence 
in many areas. Conflict between gangs, gang migration 
into rival gang territory, and the release of incarcerated 
gang members back into the community has also re- 
sulted in an increase in gang-related crime and violence 
in many jurisdictions, according to NGIC reporting. 

Table 2. Percentage of Violent Crime Committed 
by Gangs as reported by NGIC Law Enforcement 

National Gang Intelligence Center 15 

Chart 2. Threat Posed by Gangs, as Reported by Law Enforcement. 

The NGIC collected intelligence from its law enforcement partners nationwide in an effort to capture the criminal 
threat posed by national-level street, prison, outlaw motorcycle, and neighborhood-based gangs in their communities. 
The following chart represents the percentage of gang invoivement in crime. 



Nationwide Gang Involvement in Major Crime 

BHIgh Blow ■ None 



Motor Vehicle Theft 



Aggravated Assault 


I I I I I I I I 


)% 5.0% 10.0% 15.0% 20.0% 25.0% 30.0% 35.0% 40.0% 

^Responses of unknown rates of gang involvement are not visually represented in this chart 

Source: 2011 NGIC data 

16 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

According to National Youth Gang Survey reporting, 
larger cities and suburban counties accounted for the 
majority of gang-related violence and more than 96 per- 
cent of all gang homicides in 2009.^ As previous studies 
have indicated, neighborhood-based gangs and drug 
crews continue to pose the most significant criminal 
threat In these regions. 

• Law enforcement officials in the Washington, 

DC metropolitan region are concerned about a 
spate of gang-related violence In their area. In 
February 201 1 , ICE officials indicted 1 1 MS-1 3 
members for a two-year spree of murders, stab- 
bings, assaults, robberies, and drug distribution. 
Likewise, gangs such as MS-13 and Bloods In 
Prince George’s County, Maryland, are suspect- 
ed to be Involved in up to 16 homicides since 
January 2011.^ 

• USMS reported 5,705 gang-affiliated felony 
fugitives in 2010, a 14 percent increase from the 
number of gang fugitives in 2009. California and 
Texas report the highest number of gang fugi- 
tives, with 1 ,284 and 542 respectively. 


Gang involvement and control of the retail drug trade 
poses a serious threat to public safety and stability in 
most major cities and in many mid-size cities because 
such distribution activities are routinely associated with 
lethal violence. Violent disputes over control of drug 
territory and enforcement of drug debts frequently occur 
among gangs in both urban and suburban areas, as 
gangs expand their control of drug distribution in many 
jurisdictions, according to NDIC and NGIC reporting. In 

2010, law enforcement agencies in 51 major US cities 
reported moderate to significant levels of gang-related 
drug activity. 

NDIC survey data indicates that 69 percent of US 
law enforcement agencies report gang involve- 
ment in drug distribution. 

• In June 201 0, a joint federal-state law enforce- 
ment operation led to the arrest of eight people 
linked to a San Gabriel Valley street gang 
Involved in violent crimes and methamphetamine 
trafficking in support of the California Mexican 
Mafia (La Eme).^ 

NDIC reporting suggests that gangs are advancing be- 
yond their traditional role as local retail drug distributors 
in large cities and becoming more influential in large- 
scale drug trafficking, resulting in an increase in violent 
crime in several regions of the country.'* 

• Law enforcement reporting Indicates that gang- 
related drug distribution and trafficking has 
resulted in an increase of kidnappings, assaults, 
robberies and homicides along the US South- 
west border region. 

Gang involvement in drug trafficking has also resulted 
in the expansion and migration of some gangs into new 
US communities, according to NDIC reporting. 

• Gang members from the Midwest are migrating 
to southern states to expand their drug traffick- 
ing operations. 

National Gang Intelligence Center 17 


Many jurisdictions are experiencing an increase in juvenile 
gangs'' and violence, which is often attributed, in part, to 
the increased incarceration rates of older members and 
the aggressive recruitment of juveniles in schools. Gangs 
have traditionally targeted youths because of their vulner- 
abiiity and susceptibiiity to recruitment tactics, as weii as 
their likelihood of avoiding harsh criminai sentencing and 
wiilingness to engage in violence. 

NGIC reporting indicates that juvenile gangs are 
responsible for a majority of crime in various 
jurisdictions in Arizona, California, Connecticut, 
Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Maryland, Michigan, 
Missouri, North Carolina, New Hampshire, South 
Carolina, Texas, Virginia, and Washington. 

• Juvenile gang members in some communities 
are hosting parties and organizing special events 
which develop into opportunities for recruiting, 
drugs, sexuai exploitation, and criminai activity. 

• Gangster Rap gangs, often comprised of juve- 
niies, are forming and are being used to launder 
drug money through seemingly legitimate busi- 
nesses, according to NGIC reporting. 


Collaboration between rival gangs and criminal organiza- 
tions and increased improvement in communications, 
transportation, and technoiogy have enabied national- 
level gangs to expand and secure their criminai networks 
throughout the United States and in other countries. 

A juvenile refers to an individual under 1 8 years of age, 
although in some states, a juvenile refers to an individual under 
1 6 years of age. A juvenile gang refers to a gang that is primarily 
comprised of individuals under 18 years of age. 

Figure 2. Major Cities Reporting Gang-Related 
Drug Activity in 2010 

• According to NGIC reporting, gang members in 
California are collaborating with members of rival 
gangs to further criminal activities such as drug 
distribution, prostitution of minors, and money 

• Gangs in the correctional system are committing 
crimes for other gangs in an effort to confuse and 
evade law enforcement. 


Gang members are becoming more sophisticated in 
their structure and operations and are modifying their 
activity to minimize law enforcement scrutiny and 
circumvent gang enhancement laws. Gangs in several 
jurisdictions have modified or ceased traditional or 
stereotypical gang indicia and no longer display their 
colors, tattoos, or hand signs. Others are forming hybrid 
gangs to avoid police attention and make to it more dif- 
ficult for law enforcement to identify and monitor them, 
according to NGIC reporting. Many gangs are engaging 
in more sophisticated criminal schemes, including white 
collar and cyber crime, targeting and infiltrating sensitive 
systems to gain access to sensitive areas or informa- 
tion, and targeting and monitoring law enforcement. 

18 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

Expansion of Ethnic-Based and 
Non-Traditional Gangs 

Law enforcement officials in jurisdictions nationwide 
report an expansion of African, Asian, Eurasian, Carib- 
bean, and Middie Eastern gangs, according to NGiC 
reporting. Many communities are aiso experiencing 
increases in hybrid and non-traditional gangs. 


Asian gangs, historicaliy limited to regions with large 
Asian popuiations, are expanding throughout communi- 
ties nationwide. Aithough often considered street gangs, 
Asian gangs operate similar to Aslan Criminal Enterpris- 
es with a more structured organization and hierarchy. 
They are not turf-oriented like most African-American 
and Hispanic street gangs and typically maintain a low 
profile to avoid law enforcement scrutiny. Asian gang 
members are known to prey on their own race and often 
develop a relationship with their victims before victimiz- 
ing them.^ Law enforcement officials have limited knowl- 
edge of Asian gangs and often have difficulty penetrat- 
ing these gangs because of language barriers and gang 
distrust of non-Asians.® 

Law enforcement officials in California, Georgia, 
Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Montana, 
Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Virginia, and Wiscon- 
sin report a significant increase in Asian gangs in 
their jurisdictions. 

Asian gangs are involved in a host of criminal activities 
to include violent crime, drug and human trafficking, and 
white collar crime. 

• Asian gang members in New England and Califor- 
nia maintain marijuana cultivation houses specifi- 
cally for the manufacturing and distribution of high 

Figure 3. Somali Outlaws set in Minneapolis, MN 

Source: Minneapolis Police Department 

potency marijuana and pay members of the Asian 
community to reside in them, according to 2010 
NDIC and open source reporting.^ 

Some law enforcement agencies attribute the recent 
increase in Asian gang membership in their jurisdictions 
to the recruitment of non-Asian members into the gang 
in order to compete more effectively with other street 
gangs for territory and dominance of illicit markets. 


Somali Gangs 

Somali gang presence has increased in several cit- 
ies throughout the United States. Somali gangs are 
most prevalent in the Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota; 
San Diego, California; and Seattle, Washington areas, 
primarily as a result of proximity to the Mexican and 
Canadian borders, according to ICE, NGIC, and law en- 
forcement reporting. Somali gang activity has also been 
reported in other cities throughout the United States 
such as Nashville, Tennessee; Clarkston, Georgia; Co- 
lumbus, Ohio; East Brunswick, New Jersey; and Tucson, 
Arizona. Unlike most traditional street gangs, Somali 
gangs tend to align and adopt gang names based on 

National Gang Intelligence Center 19 

clan or tribe, although a few have joined national gangs 
such as the Crips and Bloods. 

NGIC reporting indicates that East African gangs 
are present in at least 30 jurisdictions, includ- 
ing those in California, Georgia, Minnesota, Ohio, 
Texas, Virginia, and Washington. 

Somalian gangs are involved in drug and weapons traf- 
ficking, human trafficking, credit card fraud, prostitution, 
and violent crime. Homicides involving Somali victims are 
often the result of clan feuds between gang members. 

Sex trafficking of females across jurisdictional and state 
borders for the purpose of prostitution is also a growing 
trend among Somalian gangs. 

• In November 2010, 29 suspected Somalian gang 
members were indicted for a prostitution traffick- 
ing operation, according to open source reporting. 
Over a 10 year period, Somalian gang members 
transported underage females from Minnesota to 
Ohio and Tennessee for prostitution.® 

• In February 2009, five Somali gang members were 
arrested for murdering drug dealers in Dexter and 
Athens, Ohio, during home invasion robberies, ac- 
cording to law enforcement reporting.® 

Although some Somali gangs adopt Bloods or Crips 
gang monikers, they typically do not associate with 
other African-American gangs. Somali nationals— mostly 
refugees displaced by the war(s) in Somalia and sur- 
rounding countries— tend to migrate to specific low- 
income communities, which are often heavily controlled 
by local Bloods and Crips street gangs. The Somali 
youth may emulate the local gangs, which frequently 
leads to friction with other gangs, such as Bloods and 
Crips, as well as with Ethiopian gangs. 

Sudanese Gangs 

Sudanese gangs in the United States have been ex- 
panding since 2003 and have been reported in Iowa, 
Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, 
and Tennessee. Some Sudanese gang members have 
weapons and tactical knowledge from their involvement 
in conflicts in their native country. 

• The African Pride (AP) gang is one of the most 
aggressive and dangerous of the Sudanese 
street gangs in Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, and 
North and South Dakota. 


Although largely confined to the East Coast, Carib- 
bean gangs, such as Dominican, Haitian, and Jamai- 
can gangs, are expanding in a number of communities 
throughout the United States. 

Dominican Gangs 

The Trinitarios, the most rapidly-expanding Caribbean 
gang and the largest Dominican gang, are a violent 
prison gang with members operating on the street. The 
Trinitarios are involved in homicide, violent assaults, 
robbery, theft, home invasions, and street-level drug 
distribution. Although predominate in New York and 
New Jersey, the Trinitarios have expanded to commu- 
nities throughout the eastern United States, including 
Georgia, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Rhode 
Island. Dominicans Don’t Play (DDP), the second largest 
Dominican gang based in Bronx, New York, are known 
for their violent machete attacks and drug trafficking 
activities in Florida, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, 
and Pennsylvania. 

An increase in the Dominican population in several east- 
ern US jurisdictions has resulted in the expansion and 

20 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

Figure 4. Trinitarios Insignia 

Source: ATF 

migration of Dominican gangs such as the Trinitarios. 
This has led to an increase in drug trafficking, robberies, 
violent assaults in the Tri-state area. 

Haitian Gangs 

Haitian gangs, such as the Florida-based Zoe Pound, 
have proliferated in many states primarily along the 
East Coast in recent years according to NGIC reporting. 
According to NGIC reporting, Haitian gangs are pres- 
ent in Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Maryland, 
Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, 
South Carolina, and Texas. 

• The Zoe Pound gang, a street gang founded in 
Miami, Florida by Haitian immigrants in the United 
States, is involved in drug trafficking, robbery, and 
related violent crime. In February 2010, 22 sus- 
pected Zoe Pound members in Chicago, Illinois, 
were charged with possession of and conspiracy 
to traffic powder and crack cocaine from Illinois to 
Florida, according to FBI reporting. 

Trinitario members arrested for drug and 
firearms violations 

In August 2010, the FBI arrested three Rhode 
Island Trinitario members for conspiracy to dis- 
tribute MDMA and firearms violations. Seventeen 
other Trinitario members also allegedly collected 
money to buy weapons, hire lawyers, and aid 
members (brothers) in prison. 

Source: DOJ: District of Rhode Island, August 26, 2010 

• The Haitian Boys Posse and Custer Street Gang 
are involved in a myriad of criminal activities in- 
cluding drug and weapons trafficking, robberies, 
shootings and homicides along the East Coast. 

Jamaican Gangs 

Traditional Jamaican gangs operating in the United States 
are generally unsophisticated and lack a significant hier- 
archical structure, unlike gangs in Jamaica. Many active 
Jamaican gangs operating in the United States maintain 
ties to larger criminal organizations and gangs in Ja- 
maica, such as the Shower Posse or the Spangler Posse. 
Jamaican gang members in the United States engage in 
drug and weapons trafficking. 

NGIC reporting indicates that Jamaican gangs are 
most active in California, Maryland, Missouri, and 
New Jersey. 

National Gang Intelligence Center 21 


Hybrid Gangs 

The expansion of hybrid gangs— non-traditional gangs 
with multiple affiliations— is a continued phenomenon in 
many jurisdictions nationwide. Because of their multiple 
affiliations, ethnicities, migratory nature, and nebulous 
structure, hybrid gangs are difficult to track, identify, and 
target as they are transient and continuously evolving. 
Furthermore, these multi-ethnic, mixed-gender gangs 
pose a unique challenge to law enforcement because 
they are adopting national symbols and gang members 
often crossover from gang to gang. Hybrid gangs are of 
particular concern to law enforcement because mem- 
bers often escalate their criminal activity in order to gain 
attention and respect. 

Hybrid gangs, which are present in at least 25 states, 
are fluid in size and structure, yet tend to adopt similar 
characteristics of larger urban gangs, including their 
own identifiers, rules, and recruiting methods.” Like 
most street gangs, hybrid gang members commit a 
multitude of street and violent crime.^^ Law enforce- 
ment reporting suggests that hybrid gangs have evolved 
from neighborhood crews that formed to expand drug 
trafficking, or from an absence of loyalty to nationally 
recognized gangs in their region. 

• Law enforcement officials in many jurisdictions 
nationwide report an increase in juvenile gang 
membership and violent crime among hybrid and 
local gangs, according to 2010 NGIC reporting. 

• NGIC reporting indicates that hybrid gangs are 
dominating nationally recognized gangs in some 
jurisdictions and merging with other gangs to 
expand their membership. 

Hybrid and Almighty Latin King 
Nation (ALKN) Gang Members Arrested 
on Drug Charges 

In November 2010, hybrid gang members in 
Pontiac, Michigan, known the “New World Order,” 
were charged along with members of the ALKN 
for numerous drug offenses. Several guns, drugs, 
dozens of cell phones and $10,000 in cash were 
seized by FBI, DEA and local police departments. 
Many of the gang members arrested were juve- 
niles and young adults. 

Source: Online article “7 Members of 2 Gangs in 
Pontiac Face Drug charges”; Novem- 
ber 14, 2010 


The Juggalos, a loosely-organized hybrid gang, are 
rapidly expanding into many US communities. Although 
recognized as a gang in only four states, many Jug- 
galos subsets exhibit gang-like behavior and engage in 
criminal activity and violence. Law enforcement officials 
in at least 21 states have identified criminal Juggalo 
sub-sets, according to NGIC reporting.® 

• NGIC reporting indicates that Juggalo gangs are 
expanding in New Mexico primarily because they 
are attracted to the tribal and cultural traditions 
of the Native Americans residing nearby. 

Most crimes committed by Juggalos are sporadic, 
disorganized, individualistic, and often involve simple 
assault, personal drug use and possession, petty 
theft, and vandalism. However, open source reporting 

® Juggalos are traditionally fans of the musical group the Insane 
Clown Posse. Arizona, California, Pennsylvania, and Utah are the 
only US states that recognize Juggalos as a gang. 

22 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

suggests that a small number of Juggalos are forming 
more organized subsets and engaging in more gang-iike 
criminal activity, such as feiony assaults, thefts, robber- 
ies, and drug sales. Social networking websites are a 
popular conveyance for Juggalo sub-culture to commu- 
nicate and expand. 

• In January 201 1 , a suspected Juggalo member 
shot and wounded a couple in King County, 
Washington, according to open source reporting.^^ 

Juggalos’ disorganization and lack of structure within 
their groups, coupled with their transient nature, makes 
it difficult to classify them and identify their members 
and migration patterns. Many criminal Juggalo sub- 
sets are comprised of transient or homeless individuals, 
according to law enforcement reporting. Most Juggalo 
criminal groups are not motivated to migrate based 
upon traditional needs of a gang. However, law enforce- 
ment reporting suggests that Juggalo criminal activ- 
ity has increased over the past several years and has 
expanded to several other states. Transient, criminal 
Juggalo groups pose a threat to communities due to the 
potential for violence, drug use/sales, and their general 
destructive and violent nature. 

• In January 201 0, two suspected Juggalo associ- 
ates were charged with beating and robbing an 
elderly homeless man.^” 


Although law enforcement officials in Arizona, 
California, Pennsylvania, Utah, and Washington 
report the most Juggalo gang-related criminal 
activity, Juggalos are present in Colorado, Dela- 
ware, Florida, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Massachu- 
setts, Michigan, New Mexico, New Hampshire, 
North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylva- 
nia, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia, according to 
NGIC reporting. 

Figure 5. Juggalo member 

Source: ATF 

National Gang Intelligence Center 23 

Gangs and Alien Smuggling, 
Human Trafficking, and 

Gang involvement in alien smuggling, human traffick- 
ing, and prostitution is increasing primarily due to their 
higher profitability and lower risks of detection and pun- 
ishment than that of drug and weapons trafficking. Over 
the past year, federal, state, and local law enforcement 
officials in at least 35 states and US territories have 
reported that gangs in their jurisdictions are involved in 
alien smuggling, human trafficking, or prostitution.* 


Many street gangs are becoming involved in alien 
smuggling as a source of revenue. According to US law 
enforcement officials, tremendous incentive exists for 
gangs to diversify their criminal enterprises to include 
alien smuggling, which can be more lucrative and less 
risky than the illicit drug trade. Over the past two years 
numerous federal, state, and local law enforcement 
agencies nationwide have reported gang involvement in 
incidents of alien smuggling. In some instances, gang 
members were among those being smuggled across the 
border into the United States following deportation. In 
other cases, gang members facilitated the movement of 
migrants across the US-Mexico border.s 

' Alien smuggling involves facilitating the illegal entry of aliens 
for financial or other tangible benefits. It can involve an individual 
or a criminal organization. Business relationships typically cease 
once the individual has reached their destination. Human traf- 
ficking involves recruitment, transportation, and harboring of 
persons through force, fraud, or coercion for labor or services 
that result in slavery, involuntary servitude, or debt bondage. The 
business relationship does not end and often becomes exploit- 
ative and violent. 

9 According to the United Nations, over 90 percent of Mexi- 
can migrants illegally entering the United States are assisted 
by professional smugglers. Although most of the migrants are 
smuggled in trucks, many have been smuggled by rail, on foot, 
and tunnels. 

Increasing Coordination between Mexican 
Drug Cartels, Alien Smuggling Networks, and 
US Based Gangs 

Federal, state, and local law enforcement officials 
are observing a growing nexus between the Mexi- 
can drug cartels, illegal alien smuggling rings, and 
US-based gangs. The alien smuggling networks 
that operate along the Southwest border are un- 
able to move human cargo through drug cartel 
controlled corridors without paying a fee. The 
typical Mexican illegal alien now pays approxi- 
mately $1 ,200 to $2,500 for entry into the United 
States. The fee is considerably higher for aliens 
smuggled from countries other than Mexico, 
which may even be more alluring for the cartels. It 
is estimated that criminals earn billions of dollars 
each year by smuggling aliens through Mexico 
into the United States. 

Source: House Committee on Homeland Security, 

US Congress 

Figure 6. An immigrant is 
smuggled in a vehicle 

Source: FBI 

24 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

The Barrio Azteca, Mexican Mafia, MS-13, 18th Street 
Gang, and Somali gangs have ail reportedly been 
involved in alien smuggling, according to NGIC and law 
enforcement reporting. 

• In October 2009, ICE agents in Los Angeles, 
California, arrested suspects linked to a drug 
trafficking and alien smuggling ring with close 
ties to the Drew Street clique of the Avenues 
(Surefio) street gang in Los Angeles. The ring al- 
legedly smuggled more than 200 illegal aliens per 
year into the United States from Mexico, con- 
cealing them in trucks and hidden compartments 
of vehicles and then hiding them in a store house 
in Los Angeles (See Figure 7).^® 


Human trafficking is another source of revenue for some 
gangs. Victims— typically women and children— are 
often forced, coerced, or led with fraudulent pretense 
into prostitution and forced labor.^® The Bloods, MS- 
13, Surenos, and Somali gangs have been reportedly 
involved in human trafficking, according to multiple law 
enforcement and NGIC reporting. 

• Some gangs in the New England area are com- 
bining human trafficking and drug trafficking 
operations, where females are used to courier 
drugs and participate in prostitution. 

• In November 201 0, federal law enforcement offi- 
cials indicted 29 members of a Somalian gang in 
Minneapolis for operating an interstate sex traf- 
ficking ring that sold and transported underage 
African-American and Somalian females from 
Minneapolis, Minnesota, to Columbus, Chio, and 
Nashville, Tennessee, for prostitution, according 
to FBI and ICE reporting.^^ 

Human Trafficking Global Statistics 

• 1 8,000 to 20,000 individuals are trafficked 
into the United States each year. 

• 1 2.3 million worldwide victims of forced 
labor, bonded labor, and prostitution. 

• 1 .2 million worldwide victims are children; 
1 .4 million are victims of commercial 
sexual exploitation, of which 98% are 
women and girls. 

• 32% of the victims are used for forced 
economic exploitation, of which 56% are 
women and girls 

Sources: US Dept of State TIP Report 2010; UN GIFT 
Global Report on TIP Feb. 2010 


Prostitution is also a major source of income for many 
gangs. Gang members often operate as pimps, luring 
or forcing at-risk, young females into prostitution and 
controlling them through violence and psychological 
abuse.*' Asian gangs. Bloods, Crips, Gangster Disciples, 
MS-13, Surenos, Vice Lords, and members of CMGs 
are involved in prostitution operations, according to FBI, 
NGIC, and multiple law enforcement reporting. 

NGIC law enforcement partners report that gangs 
in their jurisdiction are involved in prostitution, 
some of which involves child prostitution. 

*' For years, gang members used Internet websites to advertise 
the sale of their victims. However, recently several Internet sites 
including Craigslist have eliminated their erotic services personal 
advertisement sections. 

National Gang Intelligence Center 25 

• Prostitution is reportedly the second largest 
source of income for San Diego, California, 
gangs. According to November 201 0 open 
source reporting, African-American street gangs 
in San Diego are pimping young females to 
solicit males.''® 

Gangs and Criminal Organizations 


Many US-based gangs have established strong working 
relationships with Central America and Mexico-based 
DTOs to perpetuate the smuggling of drugs across the 
US-Mexico and US-Canada borders. MDTOs control 
most of the cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine, and 
marijuana trafficked into the United States from Mexico 
and regularly employ lethal force to protect their drug 
shipments in Mexico and while crossing the US-Mexico 
border, according to NGIC and NDIC reporting.' 

Mexican Drug Trafficking Organizations 
MDTOs are among the most prominent DTOs largely be- 
cause of their control over the production of most drugs 
consumed in the United States. They are known to regu- 
larly collaborate with US-based street and prison gang 
members and occasionally work with select OMG and 
White Supremacist groups, purely for financial gain (see 
Appendix B). The prospect of financial gain is resulting 
in the suspension of traditional racial and Ideological 
division among US prison gangs, providing MDTOs the 
means to further expand their influence over drug traf- 
ficking in the United States.'® NDIC reporting indicates 
that Hispanic and African American street gangs are 

' MDTOs control up to 80 percent of wholesale cocaine distribu- 
tion in the United States. 

Many Los Angeles-based Sinaloa cartel members 
use local gang members to assist in or commit 
kidnappings, acquire or sell drugs, and collect 
drug proceeds. 

Source: DHS September 2010; DBA November 2010 

expanding their influence over drug distribution in rural 
and suburban areas and acquire drugs directly from 
MDTOs in Mexico or along the Southwest border.®" 

NGIC law enforcement partners report that gangs 
in their jurisdiction have ties to Mexican criminal 
organizations, such as MDTOs. 

• Well-established US prison gangs such as the 
Hermanos de Pistoleros Latinos (HPL), La Erne, 
the Texas Syndicate, Barrio Azteca and the 
Tango Blast are reportedly aligned with or con- 
nected to MDTOs. 

• NDIC reporting indicates that street gangs such 
as the Latin Kings, MS-13, Surehos, and Norte- 
hos maintain working relationships with MD- 
TOs.®' Surehos in California and South Carolina 
maintain an association with the Los Zetas Cartel 
in Mexico, according to 2010 NGIC reporting. 

• According to 201 0 California Department of 
Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) and open 
source reporting, some Aryan Brotherhood and 
La Erne prison gang members— bitter rivals 
inside prison— work together with MDTOs to 
smuggle drugs into California and prisons, steal 
vehicles, smuggle illegal weapons Into Mexico, 
and intimidate rivals of the Mexican cartels.®® 

26 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

MDTOs contract with street and prison gangs along 
the Southwest border to enforce and secure smuggling 
operations in Mexico and the United States, particularly 
in California and Texas border communities.^^ Gang 
members who are US citizens are valuable to MDTOs, 
as they can generally cross the US-Mexico border with 
less law enforcement scrutiny and are therefore less 
likely to have illicit drug loads interdicted.^'* MDTOs use 
street and prison gang members in Mexico, Texas, and 
California to protect smuggling routes, collect debts, 
transport illicit goods, including drugs and weapons, 
and execute rival traffickers.^^ Many of these crimes are 
committed in exchange for money and drugs, and as a 
result, street and prison gangs in the United States have 
gained greater control over drug distribution in rural 
and suburban areas. Gang members, including Bar- 
rio Azteca, MS-13 and Surehos have been intercepted 
driving with weapons and currency toward Mexico from 
such states as California, Colorado, Georgia, and Texas 
according to open source reporting. 

Gangs’ increased collaboration with MDTOs has altered 
the dynamics of the drug trade at the wholesale level. 
US gangs, which traditionally served as the primary 
organized retail or mid-level distributor of drugs in most 
major US cities, are now purchasing drugs directly from 
the cartels, thereby eliminating the mid-level wholesale 
dealer. Furthermore, advanced technology, such as 
wireless Internet and Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) 
capabilities, has made the recruitment, collaboration, 
and coordination of criminal activity more efficient and 
lucrative, and allows direct contact between the gangs 
and DTOs.^® To increase their control over drug traffick- 
ing in smaller markets, street gangs have acquired large 
wholesale quantities of drugs at lower prices directly 
from DTOs in Mexico and along the US Southwest 

US-based Gangs with Ties to MDTOs 

Arizona New Mexican 

Mara Salvatrucha 



Aryan Brotherhood 

Mexican Mafia 





Barrio Azteca 

Satins Disciples 

Barrio Westside 


Black Guerilla Family 

Tango Blast 


Texas Mexican Mafia 

California Mexican 


Mafia (Erne) 

Texas Syndicate 


Tri-City Bombers 

Hardtimes 13 


Happytown Pomona 

Vatos Locos 

Hells Angels 

Westside Nogalitas 

Hermanos de 

Wetback Power 

Pistoleros Latinos 

La Nuestra Familia 
Latin Kings 
Lennox 1 3 

Wonder Boys 
1 8th Street Gang 

Figure 7. Mexican Drug Cartels 

Source: Stratfor Global Intelligence 

National Gang Intelligence Center 27 

Major Mexican Drug Trafficking Organizations 

Arellano Felix 

Los Zetas 

Beltran Leyva 


Vicente Carrillo- 

La Familia Michoacana 


Gulf Cartel 

• Recent intelligence indicates that the MDTO La 
Familia Michoacana has established US-based 
command-and-control groups which report to 
leaders in Mexico who manage street-level distri- 
bution in US cities.^® 


January 2010 FBI reporting indicates that some OMGs 
and street gangs are closely collaborating with African, 
Asian, Eurasian, and Italian organized criminal groups to 
facilitate street-level crimes such as extortion, enforce- 
ment, debt collection, and money laundering. 

• In May 201 0, New Jersey authorities indicted 
34 members of the Lucchese crime family on 
racketeering, weapons offenses, bribery, money 
laundering, and conspiracy charges. The inves- 
tigation revealed that members of the Lucchese 
family in New Jersey were working with the Nine 
Trey Gangster Bloods to smuggle drugs and cell 
phones into the East Jersey State Prison for fellow 
inmates, according to open source reporting.^® 

NGIC reporting indicates that some gangs are suspected 
of associating with African, Asian, and Eurasian criminal 
groups in California and Washington.' 

' Eurasian criminal groups include Albanian, Armenian, Eastern 
European, and Russian criminal enterprises. 

Law enforcement officials in Washington suspect 
that some Asian gangs, including the Oriental 
Boyz and the Tiny Rascal Gangsters, are in- 
volved with Asian organized crime and marijuana 
cultivating groups. 

In February 201 1 , authorities in southern Califor- 
nia charged 99 Armenian Power gang members 
with kidnapping, extortion, bank fraud, and drug 
trafficking. Armenian Power members reportedly 
have ties to high-level crime figures in Armenia, 
Russia, and Georgia.®® 

28 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

Chart 3. Gang Associations with Criminal Organizations. 

The NGIC collected intelligence from law enforcement officials nationwide in an effort to 
identify associations between gangs and criminal organizations. The foilowing figures repre- 
sent the percentage of law enforcement who report that gangs in their jurisdiction have ties 
to various criminal organizations. 

' NGIC data 

Figure 8. A US prison yard 

Gangs and Corrections Issues 

Prison gang-related crime and violence in the nation’s 
corrections system poses a significant threat to facility 
employees and a growing threat in many communities. 
Once incarcerated, most street gang members join an 
established prison gang to ensure their protection. Based 
on data provided by federal and state correctional agen- 
cies, the NGIC estimates that there are approximately 
230,000 gang members incarcerated in federal and state 
prisons nationwide. Their large numbers and dominant 
presence allows prison gangs to employ bribery, intimi- 
dation, and violence to exert influence and control over 
many correctional facilities. Violent disputes over control 
of drug territory and enforcement of drug debts frequently 
occur among incarcerated gang members. 


Many incarcerated gang members continue to engage in 
gang activities following incarceration and use their con- 
nections inside prison to commit crime in the commu- 
nity. Prison gang members influence and control gang 
activity on the street, and exploit street gangs for money 
and other resources. 

Law enforcement officials report associations 
between street gang members and incarcerated 
gang members in their area. 

Figure 9. Incarcerated MS-13 Members 

• MS-1 3 members send funds not only to gang 
members on the street and in prison, but also to 
gang members In El Salvador, according to NGIC 


A gang member’s incarceration often prompts his or her 
family to move closer to the correctional facility where 
the gang member is being housed. In some cases, fam- 
ily members assist or facilitate gang criminal activity and 

Family members of gangs operate as outside facilita- 
tors, serving as messengers, drug couriers, or in any 
capacity benefiting the gang. Outside facilitators are 
provided instructions by the incarcerated gang member, 
often during a social or legal visit, and in turn pass this 
information to gang members on the streets. Family 
members have also been used to assist prison escapes 
and smuggle contraband into correctional facilities, 
allowing incarcerated gang members to continue their 
operations inside prison. 

30 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

Gangs in contact with incarcerated 
gang members 

1 8th Street 

La Nuestra Familia 

415 Kumi 

Latin Kings 

Arizona New Mexican 

Los Carnales 



Aryan Brotherhood 

Nazi Low Riders 

Aryan Brotherhood of 

Aryan Circle 
Barrio Azteca 

Northern Riders 
Northern Structure 

Black Guerilla Family 
Black Gangster 



Raza Unida 

Black P-Stone Nation 

Simon City Royals 



California Mexican 



Syndicate De Nuevo 

Colorado Aryan 



Texas Chicane 



Dead Man Inc. 

Texas Mexican Mafia 

Dirty White Boys 

Texas Syndicate 

Gangster Disciples 

United Blood Nation 

Grupo 25 (G-25) 

Valluco Tango Blast 

Grupo 27 (G-27) 

Vice Lords 

Hells Angels (MC) 
Hermanns de 
Pistoleros Latinos 

West Texas Tangos 


Incarcerated gang members often rely on family, friends, 
corrupt lawyers and corrections personnel to transmit 
their messages to gang members on the street. Incarcer- 
ated gang members exploit attorney-client privileges, 
which include unmonitored visiting and legal mail, to pass 
coded or concealed communications.'' 

Contraband Cell Phones 

Smuggled cell phones are a continuing problem for 
prison administrators in correctional facilities throughout 
the country. Smuggled cell phones and Smart Phones 
afford incarcerated gang members more influence and 
control over street gangs through unrestricted access 
and unmonitored conversations via voice calling, Inter- 
net access, text messaging, email, and social network- 
ing websites. Instances of violence directed by inmates 
using mobile devices are also a growing concern for 
corrections officials. Incarcerated gang members com- 
municate covertly with illegal cell phones to plan or di- 
rect criminal activities such as drug distribution, assault, 
and murder. 

Cell phones smuggled into correctional facilities 
pose the greatest threat to institution safety, ac- 
cording to NGIC and BOP reporting. 

• In 201 0 a New Jersey inmate was prosecuted 
for using a contraband cell phone to order the 
murder of his former girlfriend in retaliation for 
her cooperation with police regarding an investi- 
gation involving the inmate.^' 

'' Legal mail refers to any correspondence sent to or received 
from a legal professional. Gang members may disguise their 
correspondence to resemble legal mail so that it is exempt from 

National Gang Intelligence Center 31 

Illegal Cell Phones in California Prisons 

The majority of illegal cell phones in California 
prisons are smuggled in by visitors or correctional 
staff. Many cell phones have also been discovered 
in legal mail and quarterly packages. In 2010, more 
than 1 0,000 illegal cell phones were confiscated 
from prisoners in California. 

Historically, correctional staff who have been 
caught smuggling phones have been successfully 
prosecuted only when the phone was connected 
to a more serious charge such as drug distribu- 
tion, and district attorney offices rarely pros- 
ecute unless a more serious offense is involved. 

In March 201 1 , legislation was approved in the 
California State Senate to criminalize the use of 
cell phones in prison, including penalties for both 
smugglers and inmates. 

Sources: US Bureau of Prisor)s and CDCR; California 
State Senate Press Release, 22 March 201 1 

• In March 2010, an off-duty captain in the South 
Carolina Department of Corrections was shot 
in his home by an armed intruder. Although the 
captain survived, the assault had been ordered 
by a South Carolina inmate using a smuggled cell 


Gang members who have been incarcerated are often 
more respected on the streets by younger gang mem- 
bers, which makes it easier to establish or re-establish 
themselves in leadership positions and order younger 
gang members to commit crimes.' These gang leaders 
also use connections made in prison to establish con- 
tacts and criminal networks in the community, which al- 
lows them to more successfully control gang operations. 
Also, in the wake of leadership disorganization at the 
street level due to indictments and arrests, a released 
gang member may find it easy to use his influence and 
status as an ‘original gangster’ (OG) or Veterano to as- 
sume control of the gang. 

Law enforcement officials report that released 
prison gang members in some jurisdictions are 
establishing or re-establishing leadership roles or 
active roles in local gangs. 


Gang members’ vulnerability to radicalization and 
recruitment for involvement in international or domes- 
tic terrorism organizations is a growing concern to law 
enforcement. Gang members’ perceptions of disen- 
franchisement from or rejection of mainstream society 
and resentment towards authority makes them more 

' Gang members leave prison with the knowledge and connec- 
tions that allow them to identify with a national gang which will 
garner them greater respect and “street credibility” within their 

32 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

susceptible to joining such groups and can be attractive 
and easy targets for radicaiization by extremist groups. 

NGIC reporting indicates that incarcerated gang 
members in some jurisdictions are adopting radi- 
cal reiigious views in prison. 

Prison gangs that tend to be dedicated to poiitical or 
sociai issues are often more susceptibie to infiuence by 
extremist ideologies, in some instances, prison gang 
members may even emulate various terrorist movements 
by embracing their symbolism and ideology to enhance 
the gang’s own militant Image within the prison setting. 

Prison and street gang members are aiso susceptible on 
an individual basis to radicaiization. Various correctionai 
agencies have reported individual members of the Black 
Peace Stones, Crips, Latin Kings, and insane Latin Dis- 
ciples embracing radical ideologies. 

Gang Infiltration of Corrections, 
Law Enforcement, and 

Gang infiitration of law enforcement, government, and 
correctional agencies poses a significant security threat 
due to the access criminals have to sensitive informa- 
tion pertaining to investigations or protected persons. 
Gang members serving in law enforcement agencies 
and correctional facilities may compromise security and 
criminal Investigations and operations, while acquiring 
knowledge and training in police tactics and weapons. 
Corrupt law enforcement officers and correctional staff 
have assisted gang members in committing crimes and 
have impeded investigations. 

NGIC reporting indicates that gang members 
in at least 57 jurisdictions, including California, 
Florida, Tennessee, and Virginia, have applied for 
or gained employment within judicial, police, or 
correctional agencies. 

• A Crip gang member applied for a law enforce- 
ment position in Oklahoma. 

• OMGs engage In routine and systematic exploita- 
tion and infiltration of law enforcement and gov- 
ernment infrastructures to protect and perpetrate 
their criminal activities. OMGs regularly solicit 
information of intelligence value from government 
or law enforcement employees. 

NGIC reporting indicates that gang members in at 
least 72 jurisdictions have compromised or cor- 
rupted judicial, law enforcement, or correctional 
staff within the past three years. 

• In November 201 0, a parole worker in New York 
was suspended for relaying confidential Informa- 
tion to a Bloods gang member In Albany, accord- 
ing to open source reporting. 

• In July 2010, a Riverside County, California 
detention center sheriff deputy was convicted 
of assisting her incarcerated Erne boyfriend 
with murdering two witnesses in her boyfriend’s 

• In April 2010, a former Berwyn, Illinois police 
officer pleaded guilty to charges of conspiracy to 
commit racketeering and to obstruct justice for 
his part in assisting an OMG member in targeting 
and burglarizing rival businesses.^^ 

National Gang Intelligence Center 33 

Gangs and Indian Country 

Native American gang presence has increased on Indian 
Reservations and in federal and state prison systems 
throughout the United States over the past few years, 
according to Bureau of Justice Statistics reporting.^®'" 
Native American gang members, operating on numerous 
reservations throughout the United States, are emulating 
Hispanic gangs such as the Barrio Aztecas, Nortehos, 
and Surehos; African American gangs such as the Bloods 
and Crips; and predominately Caucasian gangs such as 
the Juggalos. Some gangs, such as the Native Mob and 
Native Pride— which primarily operates in North Dakota, 
Minnesota, South Dakota, and Wisconsin— formed in the 
prison system and then expanded to reservations, ac- 
cording to NGIC reporting. Although most gangs in Indian 
Country are disorganized, lack significant structure and 
ties to national-level gangs, and are incapable of attaining 
control over large geographic areas or populations, some 
are involved in serious crimes and violent activities and 
utilize Indian Reservations to facilitate and expand their 
drug operations. 

The growth of gangs on Indian Reservations is heavily 
influenced by the urban gang culture and media at- 
tention. Gang members on Indian Reservations often 
emulate national-level gangs and adopt names and 
identifiers from nationally recognized urban gangs. 
However, emulation is most often limited to identifiers— 
colors, signs, symbols, names— and leadership struc- 
ture is often loosely organized or absent. NGIC reporting 
indicates that national-level gangs such as the Barrio 
Azteca, Bloods, Crips, Mexican Mafia, and Nortehos 
are operating on a number of Indian Reservations. Na- 
tive American gang members on reservations are also 

"■ According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the number of 
Native Americans incarcerated in jails and prisons nationwide 
increased by approximately 2.5 percent from 2007 to 2008. 

Indian Country and the US Border 

The shared international border and geography 
of some Indian Reservations make it conducive 
to cross-border drug trafficking activity while 
also inhibiting interdiction efforts. Increased 
security at US/Mexican borders has resulted 
in the discovery of illicit marijuana farms from 
California to South Dakota, primarily operated by 
Mexican gangs. Tighter border security makes it 
difficult for MDTOs to smuggle marijuana north 
thus raising the price of marijuana in the United 
States higher than in Mexico. Marijuana (stems 
and leaves) grown in Mexico costs $500 to $700 
per pound, whereas a pound of marijuana grown 
in Washington State can cost $2,500 to $6,000 
when sold on the East Coast. 

Online News Article; The Wall Street Journal; “Mexican 
Pot Gangs Infiltrate Indian Reservations in US;” 5 No- 
vember 2009; available at http: //online, wsj. com/article/ 

involved in gang-related activity with gang members in 
communities outside of reservations. 

NGIC reporting indicates that urban gangs such 
as the Nortehos and Surehos associate and/ 
or infiuence the gang culture on several Indian 

In some jurisdictions. Native American gang members 
are associated with or involved in gang-related criminal 
activity with gang members off the reservation, including 
drug distribution, money laundering, assaults, and intim- 
idation. Partnerships are often established for financial 
gain, drug distribution, and to evade law enforcement. 

34 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

Figure 10. Graffiti on Ft. Apache-San Carlos 
Indian Reservation 

Source: FBI 

• The Warm Springs Indian Reservation in Oregon 
is becoming an ideai location for iilicit marijuana 
farms because of its fertile grounds and isolated 
location. Within the past few years authorities 
have seized at least 12,000 harvested adult 
marijuana plants with an estimated street value of 
$10 million.^^ 

Geography, as well as the extent of law enforcement 
monitoring of the reservations, make some Indian Res- 
ervations conducive to cross-border drug trafficking. 

• As much as 20 percent of all high-potency mari- 
juana produced in Canada each year is smuggled 
through the St. Regis Mohawk Reservation in 
New York, according to NDIC reporting. 

• Marijuana produced in Mexico is transported by 
MDTOs through the Tohono O’odham Reserva- 
tion in Arizona largely due to the 75 miles of 
lightly patrolled border with Mexico, according to 
NDIC reporting. 

Gangs and the Military 

Gang recruitment of active duty military personnel con- 
stitutes a significant criminal threat to the US military. 
Members of nearly every major street gang, as well as 
some prison gangs and OMGs, have been reported on 
both domestic and international military installations, 
according to NGIC analysis and multiple law enforce- 
ment reporting. Through transfers and deployments, 
military-affiliated gang members expand their culture 
and operations to new regions nationwide and world- 
wide, undermining security and law enforcement efforts 
to combat crime. Gang members with military training 
pose a unique threat to law enforcement personnel 
because of their distinctive weapons and combat train- 
ing skills and their ability to transfer these skills to fellow 
gang members. 

NGIC reporting indicates that law enforcement of- 
ficials in at least 100 jurisdictions have come into 
contact with, detained, or arrested an active duty 
or former military gang member within the past 
three years. 

• Gang members have been reported in every 
branch of the US military", although a large pro- 
portion of these gang members and dependent 
gang members of military personnel are affiliated 
with the US Army, Army Reserves, and National 
Guard branches. 

Many street gang members join the military to escape 
the gang lifestyle or as an alternative to incarceration, 
but often revert back to their gang associations once 
they encounter other gang members in the military. 
Other gangs target the US military and defense systems 

" US military branches include Army, Air Force, Coast Guard, 
Marines, Navy, Army Reserves, and National Guard. 

National Gang Intelligence Center 35 

Figure 11. ‘Support your local Hells Angels’ graffiti 
on military vehicle in Iraq 

Source: FBI 

As of April 201 1 , the NGIC has identified members of at 
least 53 gangs whose members have served in or are 
affiliated with US military. Among the identified gangs 
with military-trained members are street gangs such as 
the Asian Boyz, Bloods, Crips, Gangster Disciples, Latin 
Kings, MS-13, Surefios, Tiny Rascal Gangsters, and the 
Juggalos; the Aryan Brotherhood, Barrio Azteca, and 
Texas Syndicate prison gangs; and OMGs including the 
Bandidos, Hells Angels, Mongols, Outlaws, and Vagos. 
Some gangs, particularly OMGs, actively recruit members 
with military training or advise members without criminal 
records to join the military for necessary weapons and 
combat training. 

Figure 12. A soldier in a combat zone 
throwing gang signs 

Source: FBI 

• Younger gang members without criminal records 
are attempting to join the military, as well as 
concealing tattoos and gang affiliation during the 
recruitment process, according to NGIC reporting. 

Deployments have resulted in integrating gang mem- 
bers with service members and/or dependents on or 
near overseas military installations, including those in 
Afghanistan, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, and South 
Korea. US military officials have reported a rise in gang 
graffiti both on and off post in Afghanistan and Iraq 
(see Figure 12). 

to expand their territory, facilitate criminal activity such 
as weapons and drug trafficking, or to receive weapons 
and combat training that they may transfer back to their 
gang. Incidents of weapons theft and trafficking may 
have a negative impact on public safety or pose a threat 
to law enforcement officials. 

36 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

Table 3. Gangs with Members Who have Served in the US Military 


1 8*'' Street Gang Street 

Aryan Brotherhood Prison 

Asian Boyz Street 

Asian Crips Street 

Avenues Gang Street 

Bandidos OMG 

Barrio Azteca Prison 

Black Discipies Street 

Black Guerilla Family* Prison 

Bloods Street 

Brotherhood OMG 

Crips Street 

Devils Disciples OMG 

East Side Longos Street 

Florencia 1 3 Street 

Fresno Bulldogs Street 

Gangster Disciples Street 

Georgia Boys (Folk Nation) Street 

Flaitian Mob Street 

Flells Angels OMG 

Iron Florsemen OMG 

Juggalos/ICP Street 

Korean Dragon Family Street 

Latin Kings Street 

Legion of Doom OMG 

Life is War Street 

Los Zetas Street 

Army, Marines, Navy 

Army, Marines, Navy 




Army, Marines 


Army, Marines, Navy 

Army, Army Reserves, Coast Guard, Marines, Navy 

Army, Air Force, Marines, Navy 

Army, Special Forces 

Army, Marines 

National Guard, Marines 

Army, Marines, Navy, National Guard 



All branches 

Army, Air Force 

Army, Army Reserves, Marines, Navy 

Air Force 



National Gang Intelligence Center 37 




Maniac Latin Disciples 



Mexican Posse 1 3 



Military Misfits 


Marines, Navy 






Marines, Navy 

Moorish Nation 





Army, Marines, Navy 



Army, Marines, National Guard, Navy 



All branches 



Marines, Navy, National Guard, Reserves 

Red Devils 


Army/ Coast Guard 

Simon City Royals 



Sons of Hell 



Sons of Samoa 



Southside Locos 





Army, Marines, Navy 

Tango Blast 



Texas Syndicate 


Army, Marines 

Tiny Rascal Gangsters 



United Blood Nation 





Army, Marines, Navy 

Vatos Locos 



Vice Lords 



Wah Ching Gang 





Air Force, Marines 

* Only gang graffiti was identified 

38 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

Figure 13. The Southwest Border Region 


Gangs and the US Border 

Violence in Mexico— particularly in its northern border 
states— has escalated with over 34,000 murders com- 
mitted in Mexico over the past four years.^® While inten- 
sified scrutiny from Mexican law enforcement has forced 
significant disruptions in severai dangerous MDTOs, 
such disruptions have also served to disrupt the balance 
of power among these organizations. This has prompted 
drug cartel rivalries to empioy more aggressive tactics 
as they attempt to assert control over the Southwest 
border region and its highly lucrative drug trafficking 
corridors.®® Aithough the majority of the violence from 
feuding drug cartels occurs in Mexico , p Mexican drug 
cartel activity has fueled crime in the porous US South- 
west Border region, where easy access to weapons, 
a high demand for drugs, ample opportunity for iaw 
enforcement corruption, and a large Hispanic population 
ripe for recruitment and exploitation exists. 


The US Southwest Border region° represents a continu- 
ing criminal threat to the United States. The rugged, 
rurai, and porous area aiong the nearly 2,000 miles of 
contiguous US-Mexican territory invites widespread 
criminal activity, including drug and arms trafficking, 
alien smuggling, human trafficking, extortion, kidnap- 
ping, and public corruption. US-based gangs, MDTOs, 
and other criminal enterprises in both the United States 
and Mexico are readily exploiting this fiuid region and in- 
cur enormous profit by establishing wide-reaching drug 
networks: assisting in the smuggling drugs, arms, and 
iliegal immigrants; and serving as enforcers for MDTO 
interests on the US side of the border. 

° The US Southwest Border includes the southern borders of 
California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas. 

Hispanic prison gangs along the Southwest border 
region are strengthening their ties with MDTOs to ac- 
quire wholesale quantities of drugs, according to NDIC 
reporting.'*^ In exchange for a consistent drug supply, 
US-based gangs smuggle and distribute drugs, collect 
drug proceeds, launder money, smuggle weapons, com- 
mit kidnappings, and serve as lookouts and enforcers 
on behalf of the MDTOs. MDTOs subsequently profit 
from increased drug circulation in the United States, 
while US-based gangs have access to a consistent drug 
supply which expands their influence, power, and ability 
to recruit.'*® 

p Although some US and local law enforcement officials maintain 
that violent crime in Southwest Border states has decreased in 
the past few years, the effects of such violence, including drug 
trafficking activity and migration patterns of Mexican citizens 
fleeing the violence in Northern Mexico, are most acutely 
reflected in the US Southwest Border Region. Furthermore, as 
the point of entry for the vast majority of illicit drugs that are 
smuggled into the United States, the Southwest Border Region is 
most susceptible to any spillover violence. 

National Gang Intelligence Center 39 

According to NDIC reporting, more than 45 per- 
cent of law enforcement agencies in the South- 
western United States report that gangs in their 
jurisdiction are moderately to highly Involved in 
drug activity, while 30 percent indicate that street 
gang involvement in drug activity increased within 
the past year. 

Gang-related activity and violence has increased along 
the Southwest border region, as US-based gangs seek 
to prove their worth to the drug cartels, compete with 
other gangs for favor, and act as US-based enforcers for 
cartels which involves home invasions, robbery, kidnap- 
ping, and murder. 

• In July 2010, Mexican authorities arrested two 
members of the Barrio Azteca for the murders 
of a US Consulate employee and her husband 
in Juarez, Mexico. The gang, who allegedly 
committed the murders on behalf of the Juarez 
Cartel, has also made several threats against law 
enforcement officials.'^'’ 

Arrangements between gangs operating along the 
Southwest border and MDTOs are the result of physi- 
cal proximity and strong familial ties that many US- 
based Hispanic gang members retain with family and 
friends in Mexico. 


Gangs pose a growing problem for law enforcement 
along the US-Canada border, particularly the border 
areas in the New England and Pacific Regions. Gangs 
smuggle drugs, cigarettes, firearms, and immigrants 
across the US-Canada borders, according to NDIC re- 
porting.'*'' Members of several regional- and national-level 

The Barrio Azteca works for the Juarez Cartel on both the US 
and Mexican sides of the border. 

Los Zetas Drug Trafficking Organization 

Los Zetas organization was established in the late 
1990s as the enforcement arm of the Gulf Cartel 
drug trafficking organization to protect and expand 
the Gulf Cartel’s operations. Consisting of highly 
trained soldiers who defected from the Mexican 
Special Air Mobile Force Group (GAFE), the Zetas 
have evolved from a wing of the Gulf Cartel into 
their own drug trafficking organization. 

Figure 14. Los Zetas Commando Medallion 

Source: ATF 

gangs, including Asian Boyz, Hells Angels, and Outlaws, 
smuggle large quantities of illicit drugs across the US- 
Canada border in New England, often conducting their 
smuggling operations in association with members of 
transnational criminal and drug trafficking organizations. 
According to law enforcement officials in the Pacific 
Region, members of several gangs, including the Hells 
Angels and Asian gangs, engage in cross-border criminal 
activity in their jurisdictions. 

• Hells Angels members have reportedly smuggled 
MDMA (Ecstasy) from British Columbia, Canada 
into Bellingham, Washington, according to 2010 
open source reporting. 

40 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

• Asian DTOs smuggle large quantities of MDMA 
through and between ports of entry along the 
US-Canada border, according to 2010 NDIC 

Canadian DTOs smuggle significant amounts of cash 
generated from the US distribution of Canada-produced 
drugs into Canada, according to NDIC reporting. The 
Akwesasne Territory, which straddles the US-Canada 
border, is one of the most prominent smuggling cor- 
ridors for Canada-bound bulk cash. The topography of 
the US-Canada border is conducive to bulk cash smug- 
gling because currency interdiction by law enforcement 
officials is often hampered by the border’s length and 
rugged terrain."*® 

Gangs, Technology, and 

Gangs are becoming increasingly savvy and are em- 
bracing new and advanced technology to facilitate 
criminal activity and enhance their criminal operations. 
Prepaid cell phones, social networking and microblog- 
ging websites, VoIP systems, virtual worlds, and gaming 
systems enable gang members to communicate globally 
and discreetly. Gangs are also increasingly employing 
advanced countermeasures to monitor and target law 
enforcement while engaging in a host of criminal activity. 

Gang members routinely utilize the internet to com- 
municate with one another, recruit, promote their gang, 
intimidate rivals and police, conduct gang business, 
showcase illegal exploits, and facilitate criminal activity 
such as drug trafficking, extortion, identity theft, money 
laundering, and prostitution. Social networking, micro- 
blogging, and video-sharing websites— such as Face- 
book, YouTube, and Twitter— are now more accessible. 

Internet Use for Propaganda, Intimidation, and 

According to open sources and law enforce- 
ment reporting, since 2005, MDTOs have ex- 
ploited blogs and popular websites like YouTube 
and MySpace for propaganda and intimidation. 
MDTOs have posted hundreds of videos depict- 
ing interrogations or executions of rival MDTO 
members. Other postings include video montages 
of luxury vehicles, weapons, and money set to 
the music of songs with lyrics that glorify the drug 
lifestyle. While some of these postings may offer 
specific recruitment information, they serve more 
as tools for propaganda and intimidation. 

versatile, and allow tens of thousands of gang members 
to easily communicate, recruit, and form new gang alli- 
ances nationwide and worldwide.* 

NGIC reporting indicates that a majority of gang 
members use the Internet for recruitment, gang 
promotion, and cyber-bullying or intimidation. 
Many also use the Internet for identity theft, com- 
puter hacking, and phishing schemes. 

* These estimates were derived from the iarge number of gang 
members popuiating sociai networking Web sites such as the, Facebook, and MySpace. 

Nationai Gang inteliigence Center 41 

Second Life Virtual World 

Second Life is a computer-based virtual world 
with a simuiated environment where users 
inhabit and interact via avatars, or graphicai rep- 
resentations. The virtuai world may depict a real 
world or a fantasy world. Users communicate 
through text-chat and real-time voice-based 
chat. Second Life provides versatility and ano- 
nymity and allows for covert communications. 
Because of its anonymity and versatility, gang 
members couid potentiaily use Second Life 
to recruit, spread propaganda, commit other 
crimes such as drug trafficking, and receive 
training for real-world criminal operations. 

Source: Information available at 
WWW. second life, com 

According to NGiC reporting, gang recruitment 
and intimidation is heavily facilitated through the 
Internet. Gangs use social networking sites such 
as Facebook to promote their gang, post photos 
of their gang iifestyle, and display their bravado, 
which ultimateiy infiuences other youth to join 

NGIC law enforcement partners report that 
gangs in their jurisdiction are frequently using the 
Internet to recruit and communicate with gang 
members throughout the region, nationwide, and 

in Central and South America. Law enforcement 
officiais in Texas report that incarcerated gang 
members use Facebook and MySpace to recruit. 

• Police in Missouri report a rise in “promotion 
teams”— often consisting of gang members— us- 
ing Internet chat rooms to promote clubs and 
parties for a fee, according to NGIC reporting. 

The proliferation of social networking websites has 
made gang activity more prevalent and lethal - moving 
gangs from the streets into cyber space. Gang mem- 
bers, criminals, and drug traffickers are using the Inter- 
net not only to recruit and build their social networks, 
but to expand and operate their criminal networks 
without the proximity once needed for communication. 
Likewise, youth in other regions and countries are influ- 
enced by what they see online and may be encouraged 
to connect with or emulate a gang, facilitating the global 
spread of gang culture. 

• Gang members in Missouri and Nebraska are 
increasingly using social media to recruit and 
communicate with other gang members, accord- 
ing to NGIC reporting. 

According to information obtained from multiple state 
and federal law enforcement sources, incarcerated 
gang members are accessing micro-blogging and social 
networking web sites such as MocoSpace and Twitter 
with smuggled prepaid cellular telephones and using the 
messaging features to coordinate criminal activity. 

Street gang members are also involved in cyber attacks, 
computer hacking, and phishing operations, often to 
commit identity theft and fraud. 

42 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

Figure 15. Weapons recovered from Barrio Azteca 
Members in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico 

Source: ATF 

Gangs and Weapons 

Gang members are acquiring high-powered, military- 
style weapons and equipment, resulting in potentially 
lethal encounters with law enforcement officers, rival 
gang members, and innocent bystanders. Law enforce- 
ment officials in several regions nationwide report gang 
members in their jurisdiction are armed with military- 
style weapons, such as high-caliber semiautomatic 
rifles, semiautomatic variants of AK-47 assault rifles, 
grenades, and body armor. 

Law enforcement officials in 34 jurisdictions report 
that the majority of gang-related crime is commit- 
ted with firearms. 

Figure 16. Zip gun attached to the fence of a Gang 
Task Force in Hemet, CA 

Source: ATF 

Gang members acquire firearms through a variety of 
means, including illegal purchases: straw purchases 
through surrogates or middle-men; thefts from individu- 
als, vehicles, residences and commercial establish- 
ments; theft from law enforcement and military offi- 
cials, from gang members with connections to military 
sources of supply, and from other gangs, according to 
multiple law enforcement and NGIC reporting. 

Gang members are becoming more sophisticated and 
methodical in their methods of acquiring and purchas- 
ing firearms. Gang members often acquire their firearms 
through theft or through a middleman, often making a 
weapons trace more difficult. 

Enlisted military personnel are also being utilized by 
gang members as a ready source for weapons. 

• In November 201 0, three former US Marines 
were arrested in Los Angeles, California, for sell- 
ing illegal assault weapons to Florencia 13 gang 
members, according to open souce reporting.'*^ 

• In November 201 0, a US Navy Seal from San 
Diego and two others were arrested in Colorado 
for smuggling at least 18 military issued ma- 
chine guns and 14 other firearms from Iraq and 

National Gang Intelligence Center 43 

Gang Members Targeting Law Enforcement 
Vehicles for Weapons 

In 2009, suspected gang members in Broward 
County and West Palm Beach, Florida burgiar- 
ized nearly a dozen marked and unmarked law 
enforcement vehicles stealing firearms, ballistic 
vests, and police identification. 

Source: FBI-NGIC, “Gangs Targeting Law Enforcement 
for Weapons and Equipment Theft; tnteiligence Buiietin; 
21 December 2009 

Afghanistan into the United States for sale and 
shipment to Mexico, according to open source 

Gang members are employing countermeasures to 
monitor, intercept, and target law enforcement, some- 
times with elaborate weapons and devices. 

• In February 2010, a Riverside County gang task 
force officer in California was nearly killed when 
suspected members of a White Supremacist 
gang rigged a zip gun on a gang task force 
security fence to discharge if anyone entered 
their property (see Figure 20). In December 2009, 
the same group staged a natural gas explosion 
at their property intended for law enforcement 
entering the premises."*® 

Gangs an(j White Collar Crime 

NGIC reporting indicates that gangs are becoming more 
involved in white collar crime, including identity theft, 
bank fraud, credit card fraud, money laundering, fencing 
stolen goods, counterfeiting, and mortgage fraud, and 
are recruiting members who possess those skill sets. 
Law enforcement officials nationwide indicate that many 
gangs in their jurisdiction are involved in some type of 
white collar crime. 

• NGIC reporting indicates that the Bloods, Crips, 
Gangster Disciples, Vice Lords, Latin Kings, Mex- 
ican Mafia, Surefios, Nortehos, La Nuestra Famil- 
ia, Texas Syndicate, Aryan Brotherhood, various 
OMG and Asian gangs, and neighborhood-based 
gangs are engaging in white collar crime. 

Many gang members are engaging in counterfeiting 
because of its low risks and high financial rewards. 

• In July 2010, a Florencia 13 gang member in Los 
Angeles was arrested for operating a lab from his 
home that manufactured pirated video games.®® 

• In April 2010, a member of the East Coast Crips 
was arrested in Los Angeles, California, for the 
sale of counterfeit goods and drug trafficking 

at a clothing store he co-owned. Police confis- 
cated 824 counterfeit items from the store worth 

Gang members are laundering profits from criminal activi- 
ties such as drug trafficking and prostitution, through 
front companies such music businesses, beauty shops, 
auto repair shops, law firms, and medical offices. 

• Members of the Black Guerilla Family in Mary- 
land used pre-paid retail debit cards as virtual 

44 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

currency inside Maryland prisons to purchase 
drugs and further the gangs’ interests, according 
to August 2010 open source reporting.®^ 

Some gangs, such as the Bloods and Gangster Dis- 
ciples, are committing sophisticated mortgage fraud 
schemes by purchasing properties with the intent to 
receive seller assistance loans and, ultimately retain 
the proceeds from the loans, or to comingle illicit funds 
through mortgage payments. Gang members are also 
exploiting vulnerabilities in the banking and mortgage 
industries for profit. 

• According to open source reporting, in April 
2009, members of the Bloods in San Diego, 
California were charged with racketeering and 
mortgage fraud. “ 

Law Enforcement Actions and 

Gang units and task forces are a vital component in 
targeting gangs and have played a substantial role in 
mitigating gang activity in a number of US communities. 
The majority of NGIC law enforcement partners report 
that their agency has or participates in a gang task 
force, and most utilize a gang database to track and 
monitor gang members in their jurisdictions. There are 
168 FBI Violent Gang Task Forces in the United States, 
Puerto Rico, and the US Virgin Islands. In addition, ATF 
operates 31 Violent Crime Impact Teams (VCIT) and ICE 
operates eight Operation Community Shield (OCS) Ini- 
tiatives nationwide (see Appendix C). The collaboration 
and coordination of federal, state, and local law enforce- 
ment agencies has resulted in a number of successes 
involving gang suppression efforts. 

NGIC law enforcement partners in at least 107 ju- 
risdictions report that law enforcement action has 
resulted in a decrease of gangs or gang activity in 
their region. 

• In March 201 1 , officials from DHS, CBP, ICE, ATF, 
and local San Diego police were involved in the 
arrest of over 67 gang members and associates 
for drugs and cross-border crimes in the San Di- 
ego, California area. Operation Allied Shield III, a 
part of a San Diego County initiative to focus on 
prevention, detection, and suppression of crimes 
in areas impacted by border-related crime, aimed 
to seize drugs and weapons and to identify and 
observe gang members in a proactive way.^” 

• In March 201 1 , 35 leaders, members, and as- 
sociates of the Barrio Azteca gang in Texas were 
charged in a federal indictment for various counts 
of racketeering, murder, drug offenses, money 
laundering, and obstruction of justice. Ten sub- 
jects were charged with the March 2010 murders 
of a US Consulate employee, her husband, and 
the husband of another consulate employee, in 
Juarez, Mexico. 

• In February 201 1 , FBI, ATF, ICE, and DHS, and 
numerous state and local officials charged 41 
gang members and associates from several dif- 
ferent gangs in five districts with multiple offens- 
es, including racketeering conspiracy, murder, 
drug and gun trafficking. The indictment involved 
members from the Click Clack gang in Kansas 
City, Missouri: the Colonies Chiques gang in Los 
Angeles; the Sureno 13 and San Chucos gangs 
in Las Vegas; MS-13 in Washington; and 13 
Tri-City Bomber members and associates in the 
McAllen, Texas area.^® 

National Gang Intelligence Center 45 


street, prison, and motorcycle gang membership and 
criminal activity continues to fiourish in US communities 
where gangs identify opportunities to control street level 
drug sales, and other profitable crimes. Gangs will not 
only continue to defend their territory from rival gangs, 
but will also increasingly seek to diversify both their 
membership and their criminal activities in recognition 
of potential financial gain. New alliances between rival 
gangs will likely form as gangs suspend their former 
racial ideologies in pursuit of mutual profit. Gangs will 
continue to evolve and adapt to current conditions and 
law enforcement tactics, diversify their criminal activity, 
and employ new strategies and technology to enhance 
their criminal operations, while facilitating lower-risk and 
more profitable schemes, such as white collar crime. 

The expansion of communication networks, especially in 
wireless communications and the Internet, will allow gang 
members to form associations and alliances with other 
gangs and criminal organizations— both domestically 
and internationally— and enable gang members to better 
facilitate criminal activity and enhance their criminal op- 
erations discreetly without the physical interfacing once 
necessary to conduct these activities. 

Changes in immigrant populations, which are suscepti- 
ble to victimization and recruitment by gangs, may have 
the most profound effect on street gang membership. 
Continued drug trafficking-related violence along the US 
Southwest border could trigger increased migration of 
Mexicans and Central Americans into the United States 
and, as such, provide a greater pool of victims, recruits. 

and criminal opportunities for street gangs as they seek 
to profit from the illegal drug trade, alien smuggling, and 
weapons trafficking. Likewise, increased gang recruit- 
ment of youths among the immigrant population may 
result in an increase in gang membership and gang- 
related violence in a number of regions. 

Street gang activity and violence may also increase as 
more dangerous gang members are released early from 
prison and re-establish their roles armed with new knowl- 
edge and improved techniques. Prison gang members, 
already an ideal target audience for radicalization, may 
expand their associations with foreign gang members or 
radical criminal organizations, both inside correctional 
institutions and in the community upon their release. 

Gang members armed with high-powered weapons and 
knowledge and expertise acquired from employment in 
law enforcement, corrections, or the military may pose 
an increasing nationwide threat, as they employ these 
tactics and weapons against law enforcement officials, 
rival gang members, and civilians. 

Globalization, socio-political change, technological 
advances, and immigration will result either in greater 
gang expansion and gang-related crime or displace 
gang members as they search for criminal opportunities 
elsewhere. Stagnant or poor economic conditions in the 
United States, including budget cuts in law enforcement, 
may undercut gang dismantlement efforts and encourage 
gang expansion as police agencies redirect their resourc- 
es and disband gang units and taskforces, as reported by 
a large number of law enforcement agencies. 

46 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

Maps. Gang Presence in the United States 


Source: NGIC and NDIC 2010 National Drug Survey Data and 
U.S. Census Population estimates 2010. 


Number of Gang Members 
per 1 ,000 People 

■ a. 

I 4-6 
I 2-4 

I 0-2 

National Gang Intelligence Center 47 


Source: NGIC and NDIC 2010 National Drug Survey Data and 

Bureau of Justice Statistics census of state and local law enforcement 2008. 

Number of Gang Members 
per Law Enforcement Officer 


I 4-6 

■ 2-4 

I 0-2 

48 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 



31st Street Mob 

33rd Street Posse 

400 Block 

4th Ward Bloods 

Alberta City Boys 

Alpha Tau Omega 

Aryan Brotherhood 

Avenue Piru Gangsters Bandaleros 

Bandidos MC 

Bay Boys 

Black Cherry 8 Balls 
Black Gangster Disciples 
Black Mafia Famiiy 
Black Pistons MC 
Bloods Boom Squad 
Brown Pride 
Central Park Bloods 
Central Park Boys 
Collegeville Posse 
Corner Boys Crips 
Devils Disciples MC 
Eastside Bloods 
Ensley Town Killers 
Evergreen Bottom Boys 
Gad Town Klowns 
Gangsta G’s 
Gangster Disciples 
Ghettie Boyz 
Give No Fucks 
Green Acres Crips 
Hazel Green Boys 
Hells Lovers MC 
Imperial Gangster Disciples 
Insane Gangster Disciples 

by State 

La Familia 
La Quemada 
Latin Kings 
Latino Bloods Crips 
Little Trouble Makers 
Los Bolinos 
Los Zetas 

Lovemans Village Posse 
Lynch Mob 
Malditos 13 
Melos 13 
Northside Bloods 
Northsiders 62 Po Boys 
On Fire Boys 
On Fire Girls 
Outcast MC 
Pistoleros MC 
Outlaws MC 
Pratt Boys 
Riley Boys 
Seven Deadly Sins 
Sherman Heights Posse 
Sin City Disciples MC 
Six Deuce Brims 
Smithfield Posse 
Southern Brotherhood 
Southside Cyclones 
Southside Locos 
Southside Youngsters 
Tango Blast 
Technical Knockout 
Titusville Posse 

Toney Project Boys 
Trap Boys 
Trap Girls 
Tribe MC 

United Together Forever 
Vatos Locos 
Vice Hill Posse 
Vice Lords 
View Mob 
Westside Crips 
Wheels of Soul MC 
Wylam Boys 


50150 Crips 
88 Street Crips 
Almighty Latin King Nation 
Almighty Vice Lord Nation 
Altadena Crip Gangster 
American Front 
Aryan Brotherhood 
Baby Hamo Tribe 
Black Gangster Disciples 
Blackwood Mafia 
Chaos Drama Family 
Combat Crips 
Compton Swamp Crips 

Faceside Bloods 
Fam Bam 

Franklin Family Piru 
Fresno Bulldogs 
Full Time Criminals 
Gangster Disciples 
Goonies For Life 

National Gang Intelligence Center 49 

Hamo Tribe 
Hells Angels MC 
Hmong Nation Society 
Hollow Tip Crew 
Iceberg Clique 
Juvenile Delinquents 
Korrupt(ed) Crew 
Laos Oriental Soldiers 
Laotian Blood Killers 
Laotian Thugz 
Loco Down Crips 
Loco Latin Crips 
Los Malditos 

Member of Blood 
Menace of Destruction 
Mongolian Boys Society 
Mountain View Crips 
Murder Mob 
Northside Damu 
Real ‘Bout It Individuals 
Royal Samoan Posse 
Samoan Dynasty 
Sons of Samoa 
Souija Crew 
Southside Mesa 
The Family 
The Low LIfes 
Tiny Rascals Gang 
Tongang Crip Gang 
Top Notch Bailers 
Uso 4 Life 
Uso Squad 
Westside City Crips 

Westside Inland Empire Projects 
Yellow Oriental Troop 
Young Gangsta Niggas 


“A” Mountain Crips 

10th Ave JP Crips 

12th Ave Crips 

29th Street Bloods 

36th Street Vista Bloods 

36th Street Vista Chicanes 

4th Ave Crips 

Aryan Brotherhood 

Barrio Anita 

Barrio Centro 

Barrio Chicano Southside 

Barrio Hollywood 

Barrio Libre 

Barrio Loco 

Barrio Nuevo Locos 

Barrio Savaco 

BIlby Street Crips 

Black Rags 

Duce Nine Crips 

Eastside Bloods 

Eastside Crips 

Eastside Maria Crips 

Eastside Torrance 

Folk Nation 

Gangster Disciples 


Hells Angels MC 

Hollywood Soma 


Jollyville Crips 

La Tusa 

La Victoria Locos 

Little Town 
Little Town Crips 
Locos Bloodline 
Manzanita Lynch Mob Crips 
Maryvale Gangsta Crips 
Mau Mau 
Mexican Mafia 
Midvale Park Bloods 
Mission Manor Park Bloods 

New Mexican Mafia 
Northside Chicanes 
Northside White Pride 
Okie Town 
Old Mexican Mafia 
Old Pascua 
Sons of Hell 

South Palo Verde Bloods 
South Park Family Gangsters 
Southeast Hustler Bloods 
Southside Boyz 
Southside Brown Pride 
Southside Harbor City 
Southside Posse Bloods 

Trekell Park Crips 

Varrio Loco 

V-12 Bloods 

Vagos MC 


West Mesa 

West Ross Street Piru 

Western Hills Posse Bloods 

Westside Brown Pride 

Wet Back Power 

50 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

Warrior Society 
Western Hills Bloods 


Bandidos MC 



Folk Nation 
Outlaws MC 
People Nation 
Sons of Silence MC 
Wheels of Soul MC 


18th St 
1 59th Avenue 
17th St 

38th Avenue Locos 
38th Street 
415 Kumi 
49 St hustler Crips 
5/9 Brims 
51st Avenue locos 
51 St St locos 
A Street 
AC Acorn 
Acre Boys 
Al Capone 
Aryan Brotherhood 
Asian Boyz 
Asian Crips 
Asian Insane Boys 
Asian Street Walkers 
Asian Warriors 
Atascadero 1 3 
AVE 39 

AVE 53 

Aztec Tribe Cholos 
Azusa 1 3 
B Street 

Bahala Na’ Barkada 
Bakersfield Bastards MC 
Barrio San Juan 13 
Barrio Cathedral City 
Barrio Eastside 
Barrio Pobre 
Barrio San Juan 
Barrio Small Town 
Brown Brotherhood 
Brown Crowd Locos 
Barrio Central Vallejo 
Black Guerilla Family 
Block Boys 
Blue Team 
Blvd Crips 

Border Brothers 

Brick Block Crips 
Broderick Boys 
Brown Brotherhood 
Brown Life Familia 
Brown Pride Soldiers 
Brown Pride Soldiers 13 
Brown Pride Sureho 
Browns Town 
Burger Team 
Calle Ocho (8th street) 
Campbell Village Gangsters 
Campos Ramos Locos 
Canta Ranas 1 3 
Carmelas 1 3 


Central Vallejo Clicka 
Chankla Bulldogs 
Chino Sinners 
City Heights Trece Juniors 
Clairemont Locos 
Coachella Tiny Locos 
CoCo County Boys 
Cold Nigga Mafia 
Colonia Bakers 
Compton Varrio Tortilla Flats 
Corona Varrio Locos 
Country Boy Crips 
Crazy Brothers Clan 
Crazy Brown Nortehos 
Crazy Fucking Mexicans 
Crazy Krooks 
Crazy Royal Kings 
Crow Village 
Cudahy 13 
Cut Throat Mob 
Davis Street Locos 
Dead End Street 
Death Crowd 1 3 
Del Sol 

Delhi Alley Boys 
Desperados MC 
Dirty Thirties 
Dog Soldiers 
Droppin Niggas Instantly 
Down To Scrap Krew 
East Coast Crips 
Eastbound Loco 
Eastside Familia 
Eastside Longos 

National Gang Intelligence Center 51 

Eastside Rivas 

Eastside SD El Cajon Locos 

El Hoyo Palmas 

EL Monte Flores 

Elm St Watts 

Eastside Montalvo 

Exotic Foreign City Crips 

Family Affiliated Irish Mafia Fain 

Familia Flispana 

Farmerside Bulldogs 

Florencia 13 

Four Corner Block Crips 

Fresnecks Ftroop 

Fuck My Enemies 

Fuck the World 

Gardenview Locos 

Gas Team 

Gateway Posse Crips 
Ghetto Assassins 
Goleta 13 
FI Street 

Flard Side Clique 
Flard Times 
Flawaiian Gardens 13 
Flells Angels MC 
Highly Insane Criminals 
Hispanic Kings 
Homicidal Family 
Hoodlum Family 
Hop Sing Boyz 

Humboldt County Gangsters 


Indian Pride 

Inglewood Family Gangster 
Inglewood Trece 

Insane Crips 
Insane Viet Thugz 
Jackson Terrace 
Jamaican Mafia Family 
Kansas Street 
Kings Of Cali MC 
Krazy Ass Samoans 
Krazy Assassins 

La Nuestra Familia 
LB Suicidal Punks 

Lincoln Park Piru 
Lincoln Town Surehos 
Linda Vista 13 
Lo Mob 
Logan 30ta 
Logan Heights 
Logan Red Steps 
Loma Bakers 
Lomita Village 70’s 
Long Beach Locos 
Lorenzo Team 
Los Marijuanas Smokers 
Los Nietos 13 
Los Padrinos 
Low Profile Kings 
Lo Boys 

Lunatics On Crack 

Lynwood Dukes 

Mac Mafia 

Manor Dro Boyz 

Manor Park Gangsters 

Marijuana Locos 

Mayfair Santa Rosa Criminals 

Mexican Klan Locos 
Mexican Mafia 
Mexican Pride 13 
Midcity Stoners 
Midtown Proyectos 
Mission Bay Locos 
Mitchel Street Nortehos 
Mob Squad 
Mob To Kill 
Mongols MC 
Mountain View Surehos 

National City Locos 
Nazi Low Riders 
Neighborhood Crips 
Nip Killer Squad 
Nipomo 13 Norte 
North Town Stoners 
Northern Riders 
Northern Structure 
Northside Hayward 
Northside Indio 
Northside Longos 
Nuestra Raza 
Nutty Side Paramount 
Oaktown Crips 
Oceano 1 3 
0-hood Crips 
Okie Bakers 
Old Town National City 
Olivo Bulldogs 
Oriental Boy Soldiers 
Oriental Boys 
Oriental Killer Boys 
Oriental Lazy Boys 

52 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 


Palm City 

Paradise Hiils Locos 
Paso Robles 1 3 

Public Enemy Number One (PENI) 

Pierpont Rats 


Playa Larga 

Pomona 12th Street 

Power of Vietnamese 

Puente 1 3 

Pure Mexican Raza 

Pure Raza Loco 

Pure Varrio Campo 

Quiet Assassins 

Quiet Village 13 

Quince Southside Locos 

Red Team 

Res Boys 



Rollin 20 Crips 

S. Central Locos 


San Dimas Rifa 

San Jose Crazy Crips 

San Jose Grande 

San St Paramount 

Santa Monica Gang 

Santa Nita 

Saticoy- Ventura Eastside 

Screamin Demons MC 

Shandon Park Locos 13 Shelltown 

Shelltown Gamma 

Sherman Lomas Market Street 


Skyline Piru 
So Gate Tokers 
Sobrante Park 
Solano Side 
Sons of Samoa 
Sotel 13 

South Gate Smokers 

South Vietnam 

Southeast Locos 

Southern Locos Gangsters 1 3 

Southside Bakers 

Southside Criminals 

Southside Huntington Beach 

Southside Indio 

Southside Playboys 

Southside Players 

Southside Whittier 13 

Spring Valley Locos 

Squeeze Team 

Sucidals Sunny Block Crips 

Sunnyvale Sur Trece 

Sur Santos Pride 

Sur Town Locos 

Sureho Unidos Trece 

Surehos Per Vida 


Tehachapi 13 

Tiny Rascal Gang 

Tongan For Life 

Top Hatters 

Underworld Zilla 


USQ Squad 

Ventura Avenue Gangsters 
Vagos MC 
Valinda Flats 

Varrio Concord Norte 
Varrio Northside 
Varrio Nueva Estrada 
Varrio Simi Valley 
Varrio Bakers 
Varrio Chula Vista 
Varrio Coachella Rifa 
Varrio Coachella Rifa 52 
Varrio Coachella Rifa 53 
Varrio Encanto Locos 
Varrio Grinfas 
Varrio Horseshoe 
Varrio Locos 
Varrio Meadow Fair 
Varrio Mecca Rifa 
Varrio Mountain View 
Varrio Norwalk 1 3 
Varrio Nuevo Coachella 
Varrio Qasis Rifa 
Varrio Palmas Gang 
Varrio Penn West 
Varrio South Garden 
Varrio Sur Rifa 
Varrio Tamilee Gangsters 
Varrio Thermal Rifa 
Varrio Xechos Locos 
Vatos Locos 
Venice 13 

Venice Shoreline Crips 
Viet Qutlaws 
Wah Ching 
Walnut Creek 1 3 
Warlord Bloods 
West Coast Crips 
West Covina 13 
West Covina Crips 

National Gang Intelligence Center 53 

West Covina MOB 
West Drive Locos 
West Myrtle Townsend Street 
Westside Hustlers 
Westside Islanders 
Westside Locos 
Westside Longos 
Westside MOB 
Westside Stoners 
Wheeis of Soui MO 
White Power 

Wicked Minded Surehos 
Wicked Minded Surehos 13 
Wiilow Street 
Young Crazy Thugs 
Young Cutties 


1 8th Street 
211 Crew 
81st Street Crips 
American Nazi Party 
Bandidos MC 
Brown Pride Surehos 
Carver Park Crips 
Eastside Dukes 

Galiant Knights 
Gangster Discipies 
GKI 21 1 Crew Bioods 
Heils Angeis 
Insane Nortehos 

Kraziest Thugs Around 
Los Primer Padres 

Mexican Mafia 
Mongols MC 
Murder All Cliques 

Northside Criminals 
Northside Mafia 
Oldies 13 
Outlaws MC 

Parkside Varrio 

Sons of Silence MC 
Southside Locos 
Sureho Desert Empire 
Two Eleven 


Battalion 14 

Blake Street Goonies 


Carmel Street Goons 
Charter Oak Crips 
Cruel 36 Family 
Diablos MC 

Eastern Circle Projects 3x 

Fairside 2x 



G-Side Projects 
Hells Angels MC 
Hill Most Wanted 
Hillside 4x 
La Familia 

Latin Kings and Oueens 

Manor 5x 



Outlaws MC 
The Ave 

Tiny Mami Squad 
Tiny Papi Squad 
Tre 3x 
Tribe 3x 
Ville 2x 


1 8th Street 



Latin Kings 


1 35 Bloods 
9 Trey 
9 Triggaz 
924 Bloods 
Anybody Gets It 
Bounty Hunter Bloods 
Bush Babies 
Cash Hoe Murda 
Certified Ballina Killers 

Dawg City Piru 
East Coast Bloods 
Gangster Disciples 
Latin Kings 

54 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

South Los 

Street Piru Bloods 


1000 Block 

103rd St Buck Wild CA Latin Lingo 

10th St Gang 

1 1 0th St Bloods 

1200 Block 

12th Court Cowboys 

1 3th Avenue Hotboys 

1 3th Street Gang 

170 Boyz 




18th Street 

20 Deep 

21 Gunz 
211 Crips 
2150 EAP 
22nd Street 

23rd Street Trail Blazers 
24th Street Gang 
25 Mafia 

27’s Puerto Rico PG 
2nd Line Goons 
300 Block 

31 1 Westside KTP 

312 Crips 

7414 Gangster Discipies 
34th Folk Boys 
39th Street Boys 

4 Way Boys 

45th St FAM 
46 Ave Boyz 
5 Deuce Hoover Crips 
5 Trey Bioods 
5% 386 

5020 Peckerwood 
5150 Piru Bioods 
52 Hoover Crips 
551 Crips 
58th Ave. 

59 Hoover Crips 

7 Trey Crips 
700 Block 

74 Gangster Disciples 
7414 Gangster Disciples 

8 Tre Crips 

8 Trey Gangster Crips 
800 Bound 

813 Black Gangster Disciples 
81 9 Boys 

9 Trey Gangsters 

9 Trey Murk Squad Blood 

9-Tech Bloods 

A&E Bird Gang 

Ace Boon Goons 

All City Certified Gangstas 

Almighty Latin King and Queen 


American Nazi Party Anarchist 


Any Body Killas 

APK Boys 

Aryan Brotherhood 

Aryan Nation 

Barrio Boys 


Behind the Plaza Boys 

Beruit Snakes 

Big Money Posse 

Bithio Bike Crew 

Black Angels 

Black Flag Mafia 

Black Gangster Disciple 

Black Mafia 

Black MOB 

Black P Stone Nation 

Black Pines 

Black Pistons MC 

Black Spade Squad 

Black T Mafia 

Blue Angel 

Blue Devil Gangster Crips 

Booker Heights Posse 

Border Brothers 

Brookhill Hillboys Most Wanted 

Brown Pride 

Bruise Brothers MC 

Buck Block 

Camphor Way Boys 

Cartel Southside Gansta Crips 

Carver Shore Boys 

Cash Feenz 

CFL Most Wanted 

Chicago Bloods 

Chico Cracker Klique 

Chico’s In Action 

Click Tight 

Clown Boiz Crips 

Cold Side Posse 

College Park Thugs 

Confederate Hammerskins 

Corner Boy Mafia 

Crazy Brown Boys 

Crazy Gangster Disciple 

National Gang Intelligence Center 55 

Crazy Insane Disciples 

Crazy Killer Zees 

Criminal Gangsters 

Cut Throat Crew/Committee 


Dirty White Boys 

Down 4 Whatever 

Dark Angels 

Darkside Boyz 

Deaths Last Clique 

Deland Regulators 

DeLeon Springs 

Deuce Crips 

Deuce Deuce 

Dirty Game 

Dirty South Mafia 

Dirty White Boys 

Disciples of Discipline 

Doo Doo Creek 

Doom Squad 

Dover Locos 

Down For Life 

Down South Florida Boys 

Down South Gangster 

Downtown Crips 



Dred Mafia 

East Orlando Warriors 
Eastside 9 Trey Gangster Bloods 
Eastside Bloods 
Eastside Crips 
Eastside Jack Boyz 
Eastside Piru 

Eastside Rolling 60’s Crips 
Elm Street Piru Bloods 
Eternal Gangster 

Eureka Garden Goons 
Every Niggas Nightmare 
Family of Flustlers 
Flag Street 
Flip Star Crips 
Florencia 1 3 

Folk Disciples 
Folk Nation 
For The Warriors 
Front Street Boyz 
G Shine Bloods 
G Stone Crip 

Gangster Killer Bloods 
Gangsta Piru 
Gangstas For Life 
Gangster Disciples 
Gangster Imperial Gangsters 
Gangster Prophet 
Gangsters 4 Life 
Get Up Kids 
Ghostrider Crips 
Golden Gate Goons 

Grand Park Grape Street Crips 


Guk-Get Up Kids 

Gun Clap N Crips 


Flill Top Boys 

Floover Crip 

Hoover Deuce Crips 

Hope Circle Bois 

Hot Boys 

Hustle Harder 

Imperial Gangster Disciples 

Imperial Gangsters 
Imperial Kings Inland Empire 
Insane Dragons 
Insane Gangster Crips 
Insane Gangster Disciple 
Insane MOB Boys 
Insane Spanish Lords 
International Folk Posse 
International Posse 
International Posse 13th 
Island Boys Clique 
Jack Boys 

Jensen Beach Clique 
Knock Out Squad 
King Con Surehos 
Keep On Spraying 
Ken Knight 
Krazy Getdown Boys 
Kruption Boys 
Kuntry Boyz 
La Raza 

Lady Knock Out Squad 

Lakawanna Boys Latin Crew 

Latin Disciples 

Latin Eagles 

Latin Kings 

Latin Life 

Latin Lingo Legacy Mafia 
Latin Syndicates 
Legion of Doom 
Little Altamonte Goons 
Little Haiti Bloods 
Livingston Dawgs 
Lockhart Boyz 
Loco Trece 
Los 27 

56 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

Los Chicanos 

New York Outlaws 

Piru Bloods 

Los Salidos 

Nuestra Familia 

Platoon 1 87 

Lost Boys 

Nine Trey Blood 

Playboy Crew 

Lusoanderson Boys 

Nine Trey Gangsters 

Polk Street Goons 

MAC. Crip 

Nines Techs & Grenades Norte 14 

Port Orange Boys 

Mafia Kings 

Northlake Boys 

Power Progress 

Mafia Street Gangsta Crips 

Not Fair Ones 

Project Boys 

Main Street Posse 

Nuccio Boys 

Projects of Vietnam 

Maniac Campbell Disc Neta 

Oak Ridge Jungle Boys 


Maniac Gangster Disciples 

Oaktown Niggaz 

PYC Raw Dawgz 

Maniac Latin Discipies 

Oceanway Mafia 

Renegades MC 

Mascotte City Gangster Folk Nation 

OLD Gang 

Ridge Manor Boys 

Mayan Pride 

One Love Nation 

Rollin 20s Crips 

Melbourne Town Soldiers 

Orange City Boys 

Rollin 30’s 

Mexican Dipiomats 

Orange County Gangs 1400 Block 

Rolling 60 Crips 

Mexican Mafia 

Orange Flag Boys 

Rough Riders 

Midway Goons 

Out East Outlaws 

Royal Family Ace Clique 

Miiia Southside 

Out of Control Gangster 

Salerno Boyz 

Miiier Gangsta Blood 

Outlaw Crips Outlawz 

Satan Disciples 

Miller Set 

Outlaw Gangster Crips 

Satan Gangster Disciples 

MOB Folks 

Outlaws MO 


Mohawk Boys 


Savage Squad 

Moncrief “MCT” 

Oviedo Soldiers 

Sex Money Murder Bloods 

Money Mafia 

RO. Boys 


Morgan Boys 

Payback Crips 

Shores Boys 

Most Flated Brothers 

Pagans MC 

Sin City Boyz 

Mother Fuckin Goons 

Paisa Palm River Boys 

Six Point Crips 

Money Power Respect 

Palm City Locals 




Smooth Fellas 

Murda Grove Boys 

Parramore Snakes 

So Bout It Boiz 

Murder Set Bloods 

Paxon Boys 

Solo G 


Pearl World 

Sons of Silence MC 

Myrtle Avenue 

People Nation 

Southern Pitbulls 

Nazi Juggalo 

Phantom MC 



Picketville Hustle House 

Southside Bloods 

New Smyrna Beach Boyz 

Pine Hills Pimp Boyz 

Southside Crips 

Pine Manor Piru Bloods 

Spanish Lords 

National Gang Intelligence Center 57 

St. Lucie Bloods Chicos in Action 

Stand and Deiiver 

StrSdrop Gang 

Straight Drop 

Street Runners 

Supreme White Power 



Swamp Boyz 


TC Boys 

The Fresh Kings 

Third Worid Family 

Thunder Cats 


Top Shottas 


Troop 31 Slum Boys Aryan Nations 

Tru Soldiers 


Unforgiven International Posse 

United Crip Nation 

United King 

Unknown Soldiers 

Up Top Mafia 

Valentine Bloods 

Vandalize The Hood 


Vato Locos 

Vice Lord 

Victory Boyz 

Villa Boyz 

Villa Killas 

Village Boys 

V-Side Gangsters 

Warlocks MC 

Washington Oaks Goons 

Watauga Boys 
Watts City Crips 

Westside Chico Boys 
Westside Crips 
Westside Rolling 60’s Crips 
Westside Rolling 90’s Crips 
White Aryan Resistance 
White Power 
White Pride 

Wildside Young Boon Goons 

Winter Garden 

Wolfpack MC 

Woodlands Crew 

Woods Boyz 


Y-B Zoe Pound 


Young Godz 

Young Guz 

Young Latin Organization 

Young Outlaw Gangster Crips 

Zellwood Boys 

Zoe Mafia 

Zoe Mafia Family 

Zoe Pound 

Zone 1 

Zulus MC 


30 Deep 

4WB Fourth Ward Boys 
All About Cash 
All About Finesse 
All About Money 
Atlanta Blood Gang Squad 
ATL Riders 

Bang Bang Anywhere Gang 
Bank First Play Later 
Bethel Towers Crew 
Black Pistons MC 
BMB Blood Money Boys 

Campbelton Road Gangsters 
Certified Street Niggas 
Certified Paper Chasers 
Check Gang 

Cross the Track Boys 
Da Fam 

Dem Franchise Boys 
Deadly Killer Click 
DTS Dogwood Trap Starts 
Fuck Being Broke 
Gangsta Azz Nicca 
Gangster Disciples 

Gett Money Play Later Click 

Guapaholic Hard Times 13 

Gwalla Boys 

Hard Times 

Hot Boy Click 

Insane Gangster Disciples 

Irwin Street Gorillas 

James Gang MC 

Merk Squad 

Most Dangerous Click 

Niggas Bout Action 

Niggas for Life 

No Mercy/ Trained to Go 

Oakland City Posse 

Outcast MC 

Outlaws MC 

Partners of the Struggle 

58 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

Pittsburgh Jack Boys 
RACK Crew 
Raised on Cleveiand 
Roilin 20’s Bloods 
Roilin 60’s Crips 

Simpson Road Gangsters 

Steaiing Everything (SIMPSET) 



Southside 13 

Sur King Locos 

Ten Little Niggas 

Trained to Go 


Vatos Locos 
Vice Lords 
White Boi Gang 
Young Biock Boys 
Young Choppa Earn 
Young Committed Partnas 
Young Cushman Boys 
Young Get Money Gangsters 
Young Gunna Ciick 
Young Money Makers 
Young Niggas Get Money 
Young Paper Chasers 
Young Crew 
YSet/ Y3/ Sak Takerz 


Vagos MC 


Bandidos MC 
Brothers Speed MC 
Mexican Mafia 

Northside Big Tyme 
Nuestra Familia 
Russian Gangs 
Vagos MC 

Westside 1 8th Street 
Westside Loma Locos 


12th St Players 
Almighty Popes 
Black Disciples 
Black Gangster Disciples 
Black P Stones 
Black Pistons MC 
Folks Nation 
Gangster Disciples 
Flells Angels 

Hobo’s Imperial Gangsters 

Insane Dragons 

divers Jousters 

Krazy Get Down Boys 

La Raza 

Latin Counts 

Latin Kings 

Latin Saints 

Latin Souls 

Leafland Street Boys 

Latins Out of Control 

Maniac Latin Disciples 

Mickey Cobra’s 

Outlaws MC 

Party People 

People Nation 


Satan Disciples 
Satin Disciples 

Simon City Rollers 
Sons of Silence 
Spanish Cobras 
Two Six 
Vice Lords 
Wheels of Soul MC 


1 3’s Surehos 
14’s Nortehos 
1 8th Street 

American Mexican Gangster 

Aryan Brotherhood 

Back Pistons MC 

Black Angels 

Black Gangster Disciples 

Black P Stones 


BPS 13 

Brown Pride Gang 
Buffalo Soldiers 
Click Clack 
Cloven Hoofs MC 
Code Red 
Code Red 
Rollin’s 20’s Crips 
Devil Disciples 
Diablos MC 
Dirty White Boys 
Gangster Disciples 
Goons Squad 
Grim Reapers MC 
Haughville Syndicate 
Hells Angels MC 

National Gang Intelligence Center 59 

Insane Gangster Disciples 
Jimtown Boys 
Kentuckiana Gunslingers 
Latin Kings 
Latino Riders 
Locos 1 8 
Luchiana Boyz 
Mad Dog MC 
Mexican Mafia 
Midnight Riders MC 
Miiwaukee Iron 
Mistic Dragons 
Money Over Bitches 
Mongols MC 

Murda Squad 
Naptown Riders 

Northside Vatos Locos 
Outlaws MC 
Peace Stones 
Pop It Off Boys 
Pussy and Cash 
Ratchet Boyz 
Rebel Cause 
Righteous Riders 
Savages and White Boys 
Saxon Knights 
Sons of Silence MC 
Stone Drifters 
Straight Edge 

The Cool Kids 
Vice Lords 
Westside Crew 
Wheels of Soul MC 
Zoe Pound 


18th Street 
319 Crew 
7 Deuces 

Aryan Brotherhood 

Aryan Nation 

Aztec Kings 

Black Cross 

Black Disciples 

Black Gangster Disciples 

Black Gangsters 

Black Mafia 

Black P Stones 

Black Panthers 

Black P-Stone Nation 

Black Soul Block Burners 

Blackstone Rangers 


Bogus Boys 

Branded Breed MC 

Carney Pride 

Chosen Few MC 

Church of the Creator 

Church of the New Song 

Code Red 

Custom Riders MC 


Dirty White Boys 
Down South Boys 
Eagle Riders 
Eastside Locos 
El Foresteros MC 
El Rukens 
Familia Stones 
Fathers of Anarchy 

Florencia 13 
Four Corner Hustlers 
Gangster Disciples 
Grim Reapers MC 
Hang Out Boys 
Hells Angels MC 
Imperial Gangsters 
Insane Deuces 
Insane Gangsters 
Insane Majesties 
Insane Popes 
Insane Spanish Cobras 
Insane Vikings 
Iron Horse MC 
La Familia 
La Raza 
Lao Crip 

Lao Family Blood 
Latin Counts 
Latin King 
Latin Pachucos 
Lomasi 3 
Lomax XIII 
Los Chicos 
Los Pelones 
Lower Riders 
Maniac Latin Disciples 
Maple Street Goons 

Matadors MC 
Mexican Mafia 
Mickey Cobras 
Midnight Riders MC 
New Breed 

60 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

Northfront Occult 
Outlaws MC 
P13 Punte 


Players Olub Posse 

Posse Comitatus 

Really Cocky Asshole Killers 

Rebel Knights MC 


San Fernando Mexicans 
Satan Disciples 
Satin Discipies 

Sioux City Boys 

Sons of Freedom MC 
Sons of Liberty 
Sons of Silence MC 
Southside 21 
Spanish Cobras 
Spanish Discipies Sureho 
The Cooi Kids 
The Feliows 
Two Six Nation 
United Metro Front 
Vagos MC 
Vice Lords 
Viet Solo Boys 
Westside Knights 
Westside Locos 
Westside Mafia 
Westside Mobsters 
Westside Viilains 

White Aryan Resistance 
White Boys Cniy 

White Pride X-Ciub 
Young and Wasted 
Young Bioods 


357 Crips 
4 Corner Hustlers 

Eastside Locos Surehos 
Eastside Vato Locos 
El Foresteros MC 

Hoover Crips 


Latin Kings 

Lawrence Mob 


School Yard Crips 

Somos Pocos Para Locos 

Sons of Silence MC 


Traveling Vice Lords 
Tru Valley Crips 
Vice Lords 
Westside Riders 




Gangster Disciples 
Hells Angels MC 
Iron Horsemen MC 
Latin Kings 
Cutlaws MC 


Sons of Silence MC 
Vice Lords 
Wheels of Soul 


1100 Block Gang 
31 Flava’s 

3-Unit Black-Gut Boys 
5 Nine Bloods 
5-Deuce Crips 
5/2 Rock Boys 
6th Street Boys 
700 Block Gang 
7th Ward Hard Heads 
800 Block Gang 
8th Ward Animals 
900 Block Gang 
Algiers 1 .5 
Baby Goonies 
Bandidos MC 
Bienville Boyz 
Byrd Gang 

D-BlockHandy Family 
Foucha Gang 
Frenchman Money Boys 
Gangster Disciples 
Garden District Crips 
Gray Ghosts 
Harvey Hustlers 
Jerome Group 
Josephine Dog Pound 
Lower Third Crips 

Northside Levin Crips 

National Gang Intelligence Center 61 

Northside Posse 
Old Mill Quarters Crips 
Orange Boy’s 
Pack of Bastards MO 
Prieur & Columbus Boyz 
Skull Squad Mafia 
Smoke One Click 
Sonia Quarter Crips 
Sons of Silence MC 
Tango Blast 
Young Cut Boys 
Young Gunners 
Young Magnolia Melph 


All Jumpers 

Aryan Nation 




Folk Nation 

Fuck Shit Up Gang 

Flells Angels MC 

Iron Horsemen MC 

Latin Kings 




Outlaws MC 

P Town Soldiers 




True Somali Bloods 

Vice Lords 


1 8th Street 
25 Crew 
51 Sandbox 
Aryan Brother Hood 
Black Guerilla Family 
Blitzkrieg MC 

Dead Man Incorporated 

Gangster Disciples 
Get Money Goons 
Go Go Crews 
Hells Angels MC 
Iron Horsemen MC 
Latin Kings 
Mara Locos 
Mexican Locos 

Murder Incorporated 
Murder Mafia Bloods 
New Blood MC 
Outlaws MC 
Pagan MC 
Phantoms MC 
Pop Off Mafia 
Savage Boys 
Street Thug Criminals 

Thunderguards MC 
Vatos Locos 
Warlocks MC 
Wheels of Soul MC 
Wild Boyz 


1850 Washington 
1 8th Street 

1 937 Dorchester Avenue 

20 Love 

214 Harvard 

700 Block 


Academy Homes 



Aryan Nation Brotherhood 

Asian Boyz 


Barrio Aztecas 


Bergin Circle Posse 


Big Head Boys 

Black Gangster Disciples 

Black P Stone Nation 


Bonanno Crime Family 
Boylston Street 

Bristol Street Posse 
Brunswick / Fayston 
Carew Block 
Castle Square 
Cedar Street 
Charlame 1 
Charlame 2 

62 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

Codman Square 
Colombo Crime Family 
Colorado / Favre 
Columbia Point 
Columbia Rd 
Crown Path 
Crystal Park Feliaz 
Cape Verdean Outlaws 
Dark Side Niggaz 
Dangerous Little Bloods 
DC Crew 

Dominicans Don’t Play 
Deuce Boys 

Dogg Town Crips 

Dudley Street Posse 

Eastern Ave Posse 

Eastern Avenue Boys 

El Combo que no de deja 

Fairmount Family Plan Farve St. 

Five Percenters 

Forest Flills Pistons 


Flatbush Posse 


Forest Park Gangsters 
Franklin Field 
Franklin Hill 
Franklin Street Posse 
Gangster Disciples 

Genovese Crime Family 




Greenwood Ave 
Greenwood Street 
Grey Rag 
Grupo 25 
Grupo 27 

Gunn Square Posse 


Heath St 

Hells Angels MC 







Homes Ave 


Humboldt & Harrishof 

Indian Orchard Posse 

Insane Blood Gang 

James Gang MC 

Jr Kaos 


Kilby Junior 

Kilby Minor 

Kilby Original 

Kilby Young 

Knox St Posse 

La Familia 

La Lowell 

Latin Kings 

Latin Queens 


Lenox St 

Little Tiger 

Long Riders MC 

Los Solidos 

Lowell St Posse 
Lucerne St 

Mafilia Mass Mobb 
Main Street Goons 
Maniac Latin Disciples 
Mass Ave 

Massassoit Street Posse 


Mission Hill 


Minoritys Up 

Mongols MC 

Morse / Norfolk 

Morse St 



Morton St Bricks 
Mulato Mafia 

New Born Tigers 

OIney / Norton 

Orchard Park 

Orchard St Boyz 

Orchard Street Bouriquas 

Outlaws MC 



Phantom Lords MC 
Road Demons MC 
Rosewood / Thetford 
Ruff Side 
Russian Gangs 
Russian Mob 
Ruthless For Life MC 

National Gang Intelligence Center 63 

Satans Disciples 
Southern Ave 
Southside Posse 
St James 
St Joseph’s 
Sycamore St 
Sycamore Street Posse 
The Crazy Boys 
Tiny Rascal Gangsters 
Torrey Street 
Vice Lords 
Vietnam Vets MC 
Viila Victoria 

Vine & Forest / Mt Pieasant 


Walk Hill 

Walnut Pk 

Warren Gardens 





Wolf Pac 

Wood Ave 




Worthington Street Posse 
Young Chavos 


300 Block 

Aguitas 16 
Avengers MC 
Bemis Wealthy Street Boys 
Black Gangster Disciple 
Black Pistons MC 
Brave Heart Ruff Riders 
BUG Gang 

Campau Cream Team 

Cash Ave 


Dallas Neland Alexander 
Devils Brigade 
Devils Disciples MC 
Dynasty Gorillas 
East Ave 
Eastern Worden 
Eastside Boys 
European Latin Kings 

Forbidden Wheels MC 

Gangster Disciples 

Good Squad/Full Time Grinders 

Grandville Gangsters 

Highland’s Finest 


Holland Zeeland 

Hustle Boys 

Insane Unknowns 

Ionia Boys 

Jefferson Street Gangsters 

Jokers MC 


Kalamazoo Boys 

Kartel of the Streets 

La Kilcka 

La Raza 

Latin Counts 
Latin Kings 
Leak Boy Mafia 
Madison Ave 
Maniac Latin Disciples 
Mason Street 

Mexican Gangster Soldiers 
Mexican Mafia 
Mexican Mob 
New Age Crip 

Newman Lane Posse 
Nishnob Mob 
North North 
New World Order 
Oakdale Eastern 
Outlaws MC 
Pine Street 
Polo Boyz 

Prospect Paper Chasers 
Purple Guns 
Quimby Boys 
Rebels MC 

Rikochet Road Knights 

Nation Royal Trinity Soldiers 

Sheldon Logan 

Spanish Cobras 

Suicide Locos 



Taliban Team 

Thug Life 

Tres Manos Gangsters 

Wanted Thug Brotherhood Nation 

Vatos Locos 

Vice Lords 

Wood street 

64 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 


Almighty Vice Lords 
Black P Stones 
Black Panthers 
Brown Pride for Life 
Cash Money Boys 
Gangster Disciples 
Hells Angels MC 
Latin Kings 
Los Quientes Locas 
Mexican Mafia 
Native Mob 
Native Vice Lords 
Nortehos 1 4 

Prison Motorcycle Brotherhood 

Rough Tough Somalis 
Royal Cambodian Bloods 
Shotgun Crips 
Somali Gangs 
Sons of Silence MC 
Surehos 1 3 
Texas Syndicate 
Vatos Locos 
Vice Lords 
White Supremacists 


211 Boys 

Aryan Brotherhood 
Asgards Pistoleros 
Bandidos MC 

Black Gangster Disciples Bloods 

Gangster Disciples 
Galloping Gooses 
Handsboro Veterans 

Hellified Drama Click 
Latin Kings 
Mexican Mafia 
Simon City Royals 
Sons of Silence 
Vice Lords 
Viet Boys 


13 Lennox Wino 
10 9 Folks 
10 Street Crips 
1019 Southside Folks 
107 Hoover Crip 
10-9 Gangster Disciples 
11th Street 

1 24th Athens Park Blood 
1 2th St - Five Ace Deuce 
12th Street 
12th Street Blood 
12th Street Crips 
12th Street Disciples 
12th Street Hoover Crips 
135th Street Piru 
1 3th Street Kcks 
1 6th Street Crew 
18th Street King Familia 
18th Street Modesto Clique 
2 Hard Posse 

21st East Bottom Gangsters 

21 Hilltop 

21 Street Westside 

21st Posse Crips 

21st Street 

21st Street Blood 

22nd Street 

22nd Street Crips 
22nd Street Trey 
23rd Street Blood 
23rd Street Crips 
23rd Street Hard Cores 
23rd Street Hustlers 
2400 Mob 

24th St - Five Ace Deuce 

24th Street 

24th Street Bloods 

24th Street Chelsea Bloods 

24th Street Crips 

25th Street 

25th Street Bloods 

25th Street Crips 

25th Street Posse Gang 

25th Street Quincy Bloods 

26th Street Hoover Crips 

27 St Belleview Gangsters 

2700 Block 

2700 Eastside 

27th Street 

27th Street Bloods 

27th Street Crips 

27th Street Mob 

27th Street Pros 

29th Street 

29th Street Bloods 

29th Street Crips 

29th Street Hustlers 

29th Street Pros 


31st Boys 
31st Street 
31st Street Crips 
31st Street Posse 
32nd Street 

National Gang Intelligence Center 65 

33rd St K.C. Soldiers 
33rd Street 
33rd Street Bloods 
33rd Street Crips 
3400 Woodland 
34th Street 
35th Street 
35th Street Bloods 
35th Street Crips 
36th Street 
36th Street Bloods 
36th Street Crips 
36th Street Kings 
37th Street 
38th Street 
38th Street Crips 
3900 Block 

39th Street Midwest Gangsters 

39th Street 

39th Street Tre-Block 

39th Street Bloods 

39th Street Crips 

39th Street Dogs 

39th Street Holy Temple Crips 

39th Street Posse 

3rd Tre Dog Hustler 

3rd Wall Bloods 

3rd Wall Crips 

3rd World Syndicate 

3rd World Players 

4 Block 4 Trey 

43 Hoover Crips 

400 Block Player 

40th & Wabash Crips 

40th Street 

40th Street Crips 

41st Street Ghost 

42nd Street Crips 

4300 Block Insane Gangster 

4300 Blood 

4300 Brim Side Bloods 
4300 Gangsters In Black 
43rd 4 Trey Crips 
43rd Insane Gangster Crips 
43rd St Brooklyn Park Mafia 
43rd St 

43rd Street Thugs 

43rd Street/The Dirty Eastside 

44th Street 

4500 Bloods 


45th Street 

45th Street Crips 

49th Street 

49th Street Bloods 

49th Street Dawgs 

49th Street Gangster Crips 

4th Street Crips 

4th Street Guinotte Manor Crip 

5 Deuce Brims Bloods 

5.2 Eu Crips 


50th Crips 

5100 Gangsters 

51st Bloods 

51st Street / 5-Block 

51st Street Crips 

51st Street Hustlers 

5-2 Eastside 

52 Pueblo Bloods 

52nd Street Gangster Crips 

53rd Avalon Gangster Crips 

53rd Street 

53rd Street Crips 

54th Street Blood 
54th Street Crips 
55th Street Bloods 
56th Street Bloods 
56th Street Boys 
56th Street Crips 
56th Street Villains 
57 Road Dog Villains 
5700 Wc Block Mob 
57th Street 
57th Street / 5-Block 
57th Street Bloods 
57th Street Hustler 
57th Street Road Dogs 
57th Street Rogue Dogs 
58th Street / 5-Block 
58th Street Hill Dogs 
59th Street 
59th Street Bloods 
59th Street Gangsters 
59th Street Hoover Crips 
5-Duece Crips 
6 Deuce Brims Bloods 
60th Blood Hound 
60th Street 
61st Street 
62 nd Street 
6300 Street 
63rd Street Crips 
66th Street Blood 
67th Street 
67th Street Blood 
67th Street Crips 
68 Mob 

6800 Swap Side 
68th Street 
68th Street Blood 

66 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

68th Street Crips 
68th Street Hustlers 
69th Street Bloods 
69th Street Crips 
69th Street Dawgs 
69th Street Niggas 
6th Street Crips 
7 Duce Crips 
7 Miies Blood 

7 Oaks Crips 

72nd Street Hustiers 
73rd Street Crips 
74 Foik Crips 

74th St Santana Block Crip 
74th Street Hoover Crip 
75th Street Crips 
7th Street Folks 

8 Balls 

9 Deuce Crips 
9-Deuce Bloods 
9th Street Dawgs 
9th Street Dogs 

9th Street Hoover Crips 

Ace Block 

Aryan Nation 

Ashland Park Crips 

Asian Boyz 

Asian Crips 

Asian For Life 

Asian Giriz 

Athens Park Bloods 


Banger Squad 

Barrio Pobre 

Black Gangster Disciples 

Black Guerilla Family 

Black Mafia Gangster Blood 

Blood Game 
Blood Lennox 
Blood Stone Villains 
Bounce Out Boys 
Bonner Springs 
Blood Border Brothers 
Borderland Gang 
Bounty Hunter Bloods 
Boys From Chihuahua 
Broadway Gangsters 
Broadway Park Blood 
Brown Image Gangsters 
Brown Pride Family 
Brown Side Locos 

Lao Killers 

C-13 Cambridge Crips 
Cash Money Boyz 
Chain Gang Parolees 
Chelsea Bronx 
Chelsea Crips 
Chestnut Mafia 
Circle City Crips 
Click Clack Gang 
Compton Crips 
Corrington Crew 
Crazy Ass White Boys 

Crip Loc Da Gutta Sqaud 
Dark Side Posse 
Dead Everlasting Gangster 
Dead-end Gang 
Denver Lane Bloods 
Desert Flat Sex Terks 
Deuce Blocc 
Dime Block 

DIb Capone 

Double Deuces 

Dragon Family 

Du Roc Crips 

Deuce 4 Gangsters 

Deuce 9 Folks 

Deuce Deuce Blood 

Deuce Deuce Crips 

Deuce Lime Brim Bloods 

Deuced-Deuce Posse 

East Coast Crips 

Eastside 1 5 

Eastside Blood 

Eastside Click 

Eastside Crips 

Eastside Folks 

Eastside Gangster 

Eastside Hathorn Piru Gangster 

Eastside Hilltop 

Eastside Insane 

Eastside Latin Counts 

Eastside Locos 

Eastside Mexican Locos 

Eastside Oceanside Crips 

Eastside Posse 

Eastside Rollin 20’s Crips 

Eastside Wet Back Power 

Eight Ball Crips 

El Foresteros MC 

Englewood Family Bloods 

Five Ace Deuce 

Florencia 13 


Familia Chueca 

Family Locos 

Five Trey Crips 

Fog 5100 Original Gangsters 

National Gang Intelligence Center 67 



Fremont Hustlers 
Frostwood Mob 
Galloping Goose MC 
Gangster Crips 
Gangster Disciples 
Gangsters Gear 
Gangster Crips 
Gracemore Boys 
Grape Street Watts Crips 
Greenfield Village Posse 
Guardian Angels 
Guardian Disciples 
Hardkore Gangsters 
Hells Lovers MC 
Hillside Crips 
Hillside Hustler 
Hillside Mafia 

Hilltop Blood 

Hoodbound 6700 


Hoover Crip Gang 

1 07 Hoover Gangster Crips 

I’ll Rock You Cre\w 

Imperial Gangster Crips 

Imperial Valley 

Imperial Village 

Indian Posse 

Indoes Willis Avenue 

Inland Empire 

Insane Disciples 

Insane Family Gangster Blood 

Insane Gangster Crips 

Insane Gangster Folks 

Insane Vato Gangsters 

Insane Village Crips 
International Gangster Family 

Jeffrey Manor Gangster Crip 
Joplin Honky 
Juniper Garden Crips 
Knockafella Flame Gang 
Kalizion Kansas City Villains 
Kingsman Crips 
Knocc Out Boyz 
Krazy Boyz 
La Soul Mafia 
La Familia 

Langdon Laos Bloods 

Laos Boys 

Latin Counts 

Latin Kings 

Latin People 

Little Tiny Bitches 

Lokitos Gang 

Lonely Vets 

Lords Of Chaos 

Los Madanado 

Lynch Mob 

Lynwood Mob Bloods 

Macken Gangster Crips Malditos 

Mexican Disciples 

Mexican Boyz 

Mexican Kings 

Mexican Loco’s 

Mexican Mafia 

Midwest Drifters MC 

Money Over Bitches 

Money Over Broke Bitches 

Moorish Science Temple 


68 National Gang Intelligence Center 

Muivthina Loca 
Natoma Boyz 
Ne Side Blood 

700 Block Neighborhood Crips 
Neo Nazi 

Nes Niggers On Woodland 
Nine Nine Mafia Crip 

North KC Hustlers Crips 

North Oak Posse 

North Pole Crips 

Northeast Side Bloods 

Northeast Side Gangsters 

Northside Gorilla 

Northside Posse 

Northwest Evans Park 

Norton Block Gangsters Notorious 

Nutty Block Crip 


Original Agnes Gangster 
Outlaw Mafia 
Parkwood Bloods 
Parvin Crew 
People 5 
People Nation 
Pura Familia Loka 
Piru Bloods 
Playboy Gangsters 
Players Club 
Pleasure Time 
Pueblo Bishop 
Puma Boys Crips 
Quincy Bloods 
Quintos In Mexico 
Rebels 13 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

Raymond Street Hustlers 

Rearview Players Crips 

Red Mob Gangsters 

Riverside Posse Crips 

Rogue Dog Viilains 

Roilin 20’s Crips 

Roilin 30’s Crips 

Roilin 40’s Crips 

Roilin 60’s Blood 

Roilin 60’s Crips 

Roilin 80’s Bloods 

Ready To Kill 

Ruskin Way Boys 

Saddle Tramps 

Saint Disciples 

Saint Margaret 

Samoan Satans 

Spanish Disciples 

Scarface School Yard Crips 

Six Eight Gang 

Southeast Pachucos 

Seven Deuce Lime Street Bloods 

Shotgun Crips 

Six Deep Crips 

Six Duce Crips 

Six Deuce Brim 

Six Tra 

Six-Deuce Bloods 
Sk7 Skaters 
Somali Gangs 
Sons Of Samoa 
Southside 13 
Southside 60’s 
Southside Crips 
Southside Family Bloods 
Southside Posse 

Southside Villains 
Spanish Disciple 
Spanish Gangsters 
Sur Por Vida 

Swampside Taggers 
Tas-Dog Crips 
Taliban Gang 
Terrace Lake Crips 
Tra Dog Crips 
Tra Side Gangster 
Traside Mobb 
Tre Wall Tre-Tre 
Tre Block 33 

Tre-Deuce Gangster Crips 

Tree Top Piru 

Tre Side Gangsters 

Tra-Side Gorillas 

Twampside/1/4 Block 

Underground Crips 

Uptown Players 

Vagos Trece 

Vagos MC 

Vatos Loco 


Varrio Delinquentes 
Viet For Life 
Vice Lords 
Vietnamese Crips 
Village Boyz Bloods 
Waldo Crip 
Westbluff Blood 
Western Bloods 

Westside 1 1 1 Crips 
Westside 1 8 Malandros 
Westside 23 Holly Block Gang 
Westside 41st Crip 
Westside Bloods 
Westside Chronicles Blood 
Westside El Centro 
Westside Hoover Crips 
Westside Latin Counts 
Westside Locos 
Westside Pride Family Loco 
Westside Player 
Westside Roilin 40’s 
Westside Rolling 60’s 
Westside Traviesos 
Wheels Of Soul MC 
Woodland Crips 
Young Oriental Gangsters 


406 Dedicated Family 

Aryan Circle of Texas 

Bandidos MC 





Dirty White Boys 
Galloping Goose MC 
Gangster City Family 
Gangster Disciples 
Insane Vice Lords 
Latin Kings 

National Gang Intelligence Center 69 

Modern Outlaws 



Mongols MC 

28th Street 


National Socialist Skinheads 



Barrio Naked City 


Outlaws MC 

Lil Lokes 

135 Piru 




Pride Member Bandidos 

Nevada Trece 

793 Bloods 

Soldier of Seven 


Brick City Brims 

Suicide Mafia 

San Chucos 

Haitian Cutlaws 

Supreme White Power 


Hoover Crips 



Grape Street Crips 

Texas Dirty White Boys 


G-Shine Bloods 

White Supremacist 

Hells Angels MC 


Latin Kings 


Bay State Skinheads 


1 8th Street 



AM Vets 

Brothers of the White Warriors 


Bandidos MC 

Chinese Mafia 




Sex Money Murder 

Eastside Loco 1 3 


Eastside Locos 

Diamond Kings 


Gangster Disciples 



Goon Squad 



Hells Angels 

Gangster Disciples 


Latin Kings 

Hells Angels MC 

Los Padillas Gang 


Iron Eagles MC 




San Jose Gang 


Kaotic Kings of Destruction 

Southside Loco 

Must Be Criminal 

Latin Gangster Disciples 



Latin Kings 

Thugs Causing Kao 

Rebels 13 

Milford & Company 


South Family Bloods 

Mountain Men MC 


Southside 13 


Westside Locos 

Southside Winos 

Cutlaws MC 


Pagans MC 


Under Age Kriminal 

Red Villain Gangstas 

18th Street 

Rough Riders 

Aryan Brotherhood 

70 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 


Black Gangster Disciple 
Black Panther 

El Grupo 27 

Haitian Mafia 

Heils Angels MC 


Latin Kings 





Pagans MC 


Peopies Nation 
Raza Unida 

Texas Syndicate 
Thug Out Piayers 
Vatos Locos 
Wariocks MC 
Wheels of Soul MC 


13 Meadow Wood Memphis Bloods 

1 8th Street 

174 Valentine Bloods 

20’s Neighborhood Piru 

21st Crips 

318 Crips 

4-Trey Gangster Crips 
5 Deuce Hoover Crips 

5 Line Eastside Bounty Hunters 

8 Trey Crips 

9 Trey 

9 Trey Gangsters 
910 MOB 
A Squad 

Aryan Brotherhood 
Aryan Nation 
Ashboro St Bloods 
Ashton Forrest Bloods 
Asian Boyz 

Avalon Gangster Crips 
B St Bloods 
Beaver Creek South 
BL-50 Bloods 
Black Gangster Disciples 
Black Guerilla Family 
Black P Stones 
Bonnie Doone Folk 
Bounty Hunter Assassins 
Bounty Hunter Bloods 
Bounty Hunter Villains 
Brown Pride 
Brown Pride Aztecs 
Bunce Road Bloods 
Cambridge Arms Bloods 
Conservative Vice Lords 
D-Block Bloods 
DC Bounty Hunters 
Dead Man Incorporated 
Desperados MC 
Deuce 1 3 
Eastside MOB Piru 
Eastside Murder Boyz 
Eight Trey Crips 
Fairlane Acres Crips 

Five Percenters 
Flame Squad 
Folk Nation 
Foxfire Bloods 
Fruit Town Brims 
Gangster Disciples 
Get Money Clique 
Ghost Gangster Disciples 
Gangster Killer Bloods 
Grape Street Crips 
Graveyard Crips 
Hells Angels MC 
Hoover 107 Crips 
HTO Bloods 
IGC 973 

Insane Gangster Crips 

Insane Gangster Disciples 




Latin Kings 

Loch Boys 

Major Grind 

Mafia Malditos 

Mexican Mafia 

Misplaced Souls MC 

Money Over Bitches Bloods 

Money Money 

Hungry Soldiers 

Money Maker Squad 


Murch Mob 

Murder Bloods 

Nazi Low Riders 


New Jersey Mafia 

National Gang Intelligence Center 71 

NWA Bloods 
Outlaws MC 
People Nation 

Queensmore Bloods 
Real Street Niggas 
Red Devils MC 
Rollin 20’s Crips 
Rollin 30’s Crips 
Rollin 40’s Crips 
Rollin 60’s Crips 
Savoy Heights Posse 
Seabrook Bloods 
Sex Shaw Road Crips 
South Central 81 st Crips 

Tiny Rascals Gang 
Trap Squad 
United Blood Nation 
Valentine’s Day 
Vatos Locos 
Westside MOB Piru 
Westside Piru 


Folk Nation 
Gangster Disciples 
Native Mob Crips & Bloods 
Sons of Silence 


1300 Area Rap Gang 
1 87 Boys 
33rd Street 
52/52 Niggas 

600 Block/Hill Top Gangsters 
614 Boy Foundation 
22nd Piru Bloods 
9 Kings 
A.C. 357 

Akron Larceny Boys 
Ak-Town/330/ 440/216 
All About Money 
Aryan Brotherhood 
Aryan Nation 
Asian Crips 
Avengers MC 
Ayers Street Playas 
Bailer Boy Mafia 
Banished Brothers MC 
Black Pistons MC 
Bottom Hawks 
Brick Boys 
Brothers MC 

Brother’s of the Hammer MC 

Buckeye Folks 

Chest Block Gangsters 


Da Kennel 

Dayton View Hustlers 
D-Block/21st Street Killers 
Dem Block Boys 
Derelects MC 
Diamond Cut 
Diamond Dogs MC 
Dirt and Grime MC 
Dirty South 
Down the Way 
Down Town Area Rap Gang 
Eastside Bloods 
Eastside Connection 

Folks Gangster Afficial 
Gangster Disciple Folks 
Gangster Disciples 
Gangster Killer Bloods 
Get Money Boys 
Get Money Goonies 

Greenwich Village Crew 

G-Unit Crips 


Head Bustin Niggas 

Heartless Felonies 

Heightz Boyz 

Hells Angels MC 

Hilltop 7714 Crips 

Hough Heights Boys/Hough 

Harlem Boys 

Hunnid Block Gang 

Iceberg Bloods 

Johnston Block 

Kaika Klan Gutlaws 

King Cobra Boys 

Kinsman County/Rollin 40 Crips 

K-Town Gangsters 

Laffer Block 

Laird Block Gangsters 

Lake Boys 

Lakeshore Boys 

Laotian Crips 

Latin Kings 

Lovers Lane Crips 

Laclede Parkview Ave 

Madison Madhouse 

Middle Avenue Zone 

Money Go Gettas 

Money Gver Bitches 

72 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 


The Team /The Squad 

New Northside Gangsters 

The Unit 

Niggas From Laffer 


North Coast MC 

Up the Way 

North Coast XII MC 

Valley Boys 

Northside Gangstas 

Valley Niggas On Top 

Original Killers 


Otterbien Blood Mafia 

Vice Lords 

Outlaws MC 


Quinn Street Crew 

Wheels of Soul MC 

Pagans MC 

White Supremacists 

Rated R 

Young Blooded Thugs 

Renegades MC 

Young Kaika Boys 

Rollin 20 Crips 

Young Kaika Girls 

S1 W Southwest 

Young Kelly Boys 

Satans MC 

Young Street Goonies 

Sherwood Ave 

Zone 3 Bloods 

Shorb Block 

Zone 7 

Shorb Block Hustlers 

Zone 8 

Sin City Disciples MC 

Zulus MC 

Skinheads Against Racial Prejudice 
Skinheads Skulls 


Soup City Boys 

Asian Gang 

South Block Gangsters 

Bandidos MC 

Southwest Akron Thugs 


Southwest Boyz 

Border Brothers 

Southwest Gangsters 


Southside Gangsters 



Indian Brotherhood 

Stay Focus Rap Gang 


Strays MC 

Mongols MC 

Suffocated Records 


Surenos 13 

Native American Gang 

The Breed MC 

Nazi Low Riders 

The Brother’s MC 


The Circle 

Mexican Mafia 

The Notch Boys 

Outlaws MC 

Sur Trece 



Unidos en Uno 

Universal Aryan Brotherhood 

USO Family 


1 8th Street 
Brother Speed 
Brown Pride 
Coiumbia Villa Crips 
Gangster Discipies 
Hmong Pride 
Hoover Criminal 
Kerby Blocc Crips 
Lincoin Park Bioods 
Masters of Destruction 
Mongols MC 
Rolling 60’s Crips 
Southside Trece 
Unthank Park Hustier 
Vagos MC 

West Coast Mafia Crip 
Westside Mob Crips 
Woodiawn Park Bloods 


1 8th Street 
AC Skins 

Aryan Brotherhood 
Aryan Circle 
Aryan Resistance Militia 
Asian Boyz 
Barbarians MC 

National Gang Intelligence Center 73 

Barrios Aztecas 
Black Gangster Disciples 
Black Guerilla Family 
Black Jack MC 

Border Brothers 
Breed Brick Yard Mafia 
DC Crews 
Dirty White Boys 

Gangster Disciples 
Green Dragons 
Hells Angels 
HPL II Mode 

Insane Gangster Disciple 

Insane Unknowns 


Kensington 215 

Keystone United 

Latin Kings 

Low Crips 


Mexican Mafia 



Nazi Low Riders 
Neo Nazi 

New Mexico Syndicate 


Nuestra Familia 

Outlaws MC 

Pagans MC 


Raza Unida 

Sin City Disciples MC 


Soldiers of Aryan Culture 
Street Familia 
StrongArm Production 
Mexican Mafia 
Sureho 13 
Tango Blast 

Texas Chicano Brotherhood 

Texas Family 

Texas Syndicate 

Tribe MC 



Vice Lords 

Wardogs MC 

Warlocks MC 

Warrior Society 

Wheels of Soul MC 


Borinquen Street Gang 
Brisas De Salinas 
Grupo 25 
Grupo 27 
La Marina 

La Montana Public Housing 

Latin Kings 

Los Netas 

Los 31 

Los 25 

Nuevo Grupo 25 
GNU Rompe 

San Andres Public Housing 


1 8 Street 

Black Gangster Disciples 

Clown Town Crip 

Darkside Rascals 

Hanover Boyz 

Hells Angels MC 

Latin Kings 

Laos Pride 



Oriental Rascals 
Original Bloods 
Original Crip Gang 
Providence Street Boyz 
South Street Boys 
Vagos MC 
Young Bloods 


031 Piru 

10 Mile Boys 
1 8th Street 
3rd Pound 

4 Mile Boys 
41 Boys 

48 Boys 

5 Percenters 

6 Mile Boys 

8 Trey Crips 

9 Tre Boys 
9th Ward 

Adams Run Bottom Boyz 

74 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

Band of Brothers MC 

Black Gangster Disciples 

Black Mafia Black “P” Stone 


Bloods MC 

Boogie Woogie 

Bounty Hunters 

Church Hiil Boyz 

Converse Street Gang 

County Boys 

Creekside Crips 

Cross Cut 

Cross The Track 

Dem Country Bois 

Devils Rejects 

Down the Island 

Duncan Park Gang 

East West Forest/Forest Boys 


Eastside Crips 

Eastside Folk 

Farside/West Cash 

Ferry Ferry 

Folk Nation 

G Shine 

Gangster Killer Bloods 

Gangster Disciples 

Gatas Petersfield Jungle Boyz 

Geddy’s Ville Boyz 

Greenview Thugs 

Hells Angels MC 


Hoover Crips 

Insane Gangster Disciples 

Johns Island Bloods 

Kampa Bois 

Kampa Style Villa Posse 

Kings Court 

Laos Crips and Bloods 

Latin Kings 

Lemon Tree Bois 

Misguided Brotherhood 


Natural Born Assassins 
New Black Panthers 
Neighborhood Bloods 
Norte 14 

Northside Bloods 
Northside Gang 
OB Orleans Garden Boys 
Outlaws MC 

Park Hill Gang 

Parkers Pine Hurst Posse 

Pineland Slap Boyz 

Red Devils MC 

Rivaside Goons 

Rollin 20’s 

Rollin 90 Crips 

Souf Santee 

Sosik Clik 


Southside 3rd Ward 

Straight Shooters MC 




Texas Community Gangsta 
The Doolie Hill Gang 
The Sand Hill Gang 
The Ville Thunderguards 
Tibwin Bois 
Trap Star Soldiers 

Tree Top Piru 
Town Gorillas 
Trey 9 Bloods 
Tville Bloods 
UpTop Soldiers 
Urban Warriors 
Vatos Locos 
Warhorse Brotherhood 
Warlocks MC 
Westside Bloods 
Wild Bunch 



Conservative Vice Lords 
Darkside Family 
East River Skins 
East River Souls 
Eastside Thugs 
Gangster Disciples 
Main Street Crips 
Native Latin Kings 

Northside Gangster Disciples 

Red Iron Players 


The Boyz 

Thug Line 

Tre Tre Gangster Crips 
True Villain Bloodz 

West Mafia Crip Family 
Westside Piru Bloodz 

National Gang Intelligence Center 75 


1 03 Watts Varrio Grape Street Crips 

107 Hoover Crips 

Five Percenters 

52 Hoover Crips 

Aryan Brotherhood 

Aryan Circle 

Aryan Nation 

Asian Pride 

Athens Park Bloods 

Boone Height Mafia Crips 

Bounty Hunter Bloods 

Brotherhood Forever 

Brown Pride 

Confederate Sons MC 

Crazy White Boys 

E87 Kitchen Crips 

Gangster Disciples 

Ghost Vice Lords 

Imperial Insane Vice Lords 


Kempo Drive Posse 
Kurdish Pride 
Latin Kings 
Memphis Mob 
Mexican Mafia 
Outlaws MC 

Prison Motorcycle Brotherhood 

Renegades MC 

Rollin 60’s Crips 

Skyline Piru 


Surehos 13 

Tiny Rascal Gangsters 
Traveling Vice Lords 
TreeTop Piru 

Unknown Vice Lords 
Vice Lords 

White Aryan Resistance 
Woodlawn Crips 


Aryan Brotherhood 

Aryan Brotherhood of Texas 

Aryan Circle 

Asian Pride 

Bandidos MC 

Barrio Azteca 

Barrio Azteca Surenos 

Black Gangster Disciples 


Brown Pride 


Combes Crazy Clique 
Drop City Thugz 
Eastside Homeboys 
Eastside Locos 
Eastside Pharr 
Fair Park 
Ghetto Starz 

Hermanos Pistoleros Latinos 
Highland Hills Posse 
Ironriders MC 
Kings Loco 8 Bandidos 
Krazy Jokers 
Las Palmas Indies 
Latin Kings 
Loco 13 

Los Compadres MC 
Los Homeboys 
Mexican Mafia 

NOR 14 

North Dallas Vagos 

Northside Locos 

Notorious Thugs 

Orejons Partido Revolucionario 



Pleasant Grove Vatos 


PRM Valluco 

Pure Tango Blast 

Raza Unida 

Southside Bandidos 

Southside Donna 

Southside EVW 

Southside Folk 


Sureno 1 3 

Tango Blast 

Texas Chicane Brotherhood 
Texas Mafia 
Texas Mexican Mafia 
Texas Syndicate 
Tongo Westside 
Vagos MC 
Varrio Northside 
Varrio Northside Vato Locos 
West Texas Tangos 
Westside Aquas Harlingen 
Westside Bowie Town A’s 
Westside Filmore A’s 
Westside Los Vecinos 
White Knights 

76 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 


Asian Boyz 
Baby Regulators 
Bandidos MC 

Black Mafia Gangsters 
Brother Speed 
Crown Latin Kings 
Fourth Reich 
Iraqi Taliban 

King Mafia Discipies 
Mongois MC 

Murder One Family 

Oriental Boy Soldiers 
Oriental Laotian Gangsters 
Samoans in Action 
Silent Aryan Warriors 
Soldiers of the Aryan Culture 
Sons of Samoa 
Sons of Silence MC 
Tiny Oriental Posse 
Tongan Crip Gangsters 
Vagos MC 
Sudanese Gangs 

Varrio Loco Town 
Vice Lords 


No reporting 


1 8th Street Gang 

36th Street Bang Squad 
43/Flollywood Church Boyz 

43 MOB 

44 MOB 

52 Floover Crips 
9 Trey Bloods 
9 Trey Gangsters 
Aryan Brotherhood 
Asian Dragon Family 
Bang Squad 

Black Gangster Disciples 
Black P Stone Nation 
Black Pistons MC 
Blackout Bloods 

Bounty Hunter Bloods 
Brown Pride 
Camp Grove Killas 
Ching-A-Lings MC 
Cross Roads Crew 
Culmore City 

Cypress Manor Posse Crips 

Cypress Manor Posse Bloods 

Devils Grip 

Dragon Family 

Dump Squad 

Fifth Ward 

Five Percenters 

Florencia 13 

Folk Nation 

Freeney Boyz 

Gangster Killer Bloods 

Gangster Disciples 

Ghost Riders MC 

Hells Angels MC 

Hill Street 

Hoffler Boyz 

Holiday Death Chamber 
Holiday Death Crew 
Hot Boyz 
Illusions MC 

Insane Gangster Disciples 

Iron Coffins MC 

Kings of Richmond County 

La Primera 

La Privada Riderz 

Lake Kennedy Posse Bloods 

Latin Homies 

Latin Kings 

La Clique Original 


Marauders MC 
Merciless Souls 
Mexican Mafia 
Mexican Pride 
Mongols MC 
Murk Squad 
Nine Trey Gangsta 
Nomads MC 
Nortenos 14 
006 Blitz 
Outlaws MO 
Pagans MC 
People Nation 
Piru Pound Property 
Renegades MC 
Road Dragons 
Rolling 90’s 

San Diego Eastside Piru 
Scorpions MC 
Shoot-em Up Boys 
South Suffolk Gangsters Crips 
Southside/202 SQUAD 

National Gang Intelligence Center 77 

Southside Locos 
Stack Squad 

The Good Ones 
Titans MC 
Tradesmen MC 
Tiny Rascal Gangsters 
Tribe MC 
Tucker Hill 
Unknown Fools 
Valentines Bloods 
Vice Lords 
Virginia Raiders MC 
Warlocks MC 


1 8th Street 
74 Hoover Criminals 
74 Hoover Crips 
Aryan Brotherhood 
Aryan Family 
Bandidos MC 
Black Gangster Disciples 
Big Dog Nortehos 
Black Guerilla Family 
Chinese Triads 

Deuce 8 Black Gangster Disciples 
Deuce 8 Gangster Disciples 

Down With the Crew Gangster 


Drama Boyz 

East African Gangs 

European Kindred 
Florencia 1 3 
Green Rags 
Hells Angels MC 

Holly Park Crips 
Hoover Crips 
Kitchen Crips 
La Fuma Bloods 
Lakewood Hustler Crips 
Latin Kings 
Lil Valley Lokos 1 3 
Lil Valley Lokotes 1 3 
Low Profile Gangsters 
Little Valley Locotos 
Magic Wheels 

Mexican Mafia 

Native Son Bloods 
Nine Street Crips 

Northwest Boot Boys 
Oriental Boyz 
Oriental Fantasy Boys 
Outlaws MC 

Playboy Gangster 
Playboys 1 3 

Rancho San Pedro 3rd Street 


Somali Gangs 

Sons of Samoa 

South Asian Gangs 

South Asian Gangsters 
Southside Tokers 
Street Mobb 

Tiny Rascal Gangsters 
Union Street Black Gangster 

Varrio Campo Vida 
Varrio Locos 1 3 
Vatos Locos 
Yesler Terrace Bloods 
Young Oriental Troop 
Young Seattle Boys 


Black Guerilla Family 
Junk Yard Dogs 
Latin Kings 
Pagans MC 
Warlocks MC 


10th St Gangster Disciples 
12th St Gangster Disciples 
16 Gun Clique 
2-1 ’s 

25 Vice Lords 

26 Vice Lords 
29 Hard Heads 

6th St Gangster Disciples 
Big O Ones 
Black Cobras MC 
Black Gangster Disciples 
Black Mob 
Black P Stones 
Black Pistons MC 

78 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

Block 25th 

Brothers Of The Struggle 
Brown Pride 1 3 
Burleigh Zoo 

Chicago Gangster Disciples 
Chicago Vice Lords 
City Of Clybourne 
Cianton 13 

Conservative Vice Lords 
Dirty South Gangster Disciples 
Dukes 13 

Eastside Gangsters 
Eastside Mafiosos 
Everybody Knows 
El Rukins 

Four Corner Hustler 
Gangster Disciples 
Gangster Pimpin 
Getto Boys 
Hot Boys 

Imperial Gangsters 

Imperial Gangster Disciples 

Insane Unknowns 

Insane VL 

La Familia 

Latin Bloods 

Latin Kings 

Los Primes 

Los Veteranos 1 3 

Maniac Latin Disciples 

Maple Street 

Mexican Posse 1 3 

Mexican Surehos Locos Cohos 

Midtown Gangster Disciples 

Murda Mobb 

Nash Street Boys 

Native Mob 

Northside Gangster Disciples 
Orchestra Alanis 
Outlaws MC 

Sons Of Loyalty 

Sovereign Nation Warriors 

Spanish Cobras 

Spanish Gangster Disciples 

Surehos 13 

The 4’s 

The Loonies 

Tiny Locos 1 3 

Traveling Vice Lords 

Tre Eights 

Vice Lords 

Wild 100’s 


307 Southside 



Brown Pride 

Gangster Disciples 


Kriniminals Surehos 
Lincoln Park 
Southside Locos 
Wreck Team 

National Gang Intelligence Center 79 

APPENDIX B. MDTOs Alliances and Rivals 




The Sinaloa Cartel (aka Guzman- 

Hermanos de Pistoleros Latinos 

Los Zetas 

Loera Organization or Pacific Cartel) 

New Mexico Syndicate 

Cardenas-Guillen Cartel (Gulf) 

Los Carnales 

Tijuana Cartel 

Latin Kings 

Beltran-Leyva Cartel 

Mexican Mafia (California) 



Arizona Mexican Mafia (Old & New) 

Wet Back Power 
Sinaloa Cowboys 
West Texas Tangos 
Los Negros 

Valencia Cartel (Considered a branch of 
the Sinaloa Cartel) 

Sonora Cartel (Considered a branch of 
the Sinaloa Cartel) 

Colima Cartel (Considered a branch of 
the Sinaloa Cartel) 

Border Brothers (California) 

Border Brothers (Arizona) 

Juarez Cartel 

La Familia Michoacana Cartel 

Sinaloa Cartel 

Los Zetas 

(Formerly part of Los Zetas under 

Cardenas-Guillen Cartel (Gulf) 

Cardenas-Guillen Cartel (Gulf 

the authority of the Gulf Cartel) 




The Beltran-Leyva Cartel 

West Texas Tangos 

Vincente Carrillo-Fuentes Cartel 
(Juarez Cartel) 

Los Zetas 

Vincente Carrillo-Fuentes Cartel 

Arellano-Felix Cartel (Tijuana) 


Cartel de la Sierra (Sierra Cartei) 

Beltran-Leyva Cartel 

Sinaloa Cartel 

Barrio Azteca 

La Familia Michoacana Cartel 

Hermanos de Pistoleros Latinos 


Texas Syndicate 


Cardenas-Guillen Cartel (Gulf) 

80 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 




Cardenas-Guillen Cartel (Gulf Cartel) 

Sinaloa Cartel Los Zetas 

La Familia Michoacana Cartel La Familia Michoacana Cartel 

Hermanos de Pistoleros Latinos The Sinaloa Cartel 

Partido Revolutionary Mexicano 

Raza Unida 

Texas Chicane Brotherhood 

Vincente Carrillo-Fuentes Cartel 
(Juarez Cartel) 

Los Zetas The Sinaloa Cartel 

Flermanos de Pistoleros Latinos La Familia Michoacana Cartel 

Barrio Azteca 

New Mexico Syndicate 

Los Carnales 

The Beltran-Leyva Cartel (expected 
to soon be taken over by the Sierra 

Los Zetas Los Zetas 

La Familia Michoacana Cartel 

Arellano-Felix Cartel (Tijuana Cartel) 

Mexican Mafia (California) Los Zetas 

Surefios The Sinaloa Cartel 

Arizona Mexican Mafia (Old & New) 

Border Brothers (California) 

National Gang Intelligence Center 81 

APPENDIX C. Federal Gang Task 


Mobile Violent Crime Joint Task Force 
Northeast Alabama Safe Streets Task Force 


Anchorage Safe Street Task Force 


Northern Arizona Violent Gang Task Force 
Southwest Arizona Safe Streets Task Force 
Violent Street Gang Task Force 


Metro Gang-Joint Task Force 


Central Coast Safe Streets Violent Gang Task Force 
Central Valley Gang Impact Team Task Force 
East County Regional Gang Task Force 
Gang Impact Team (Riverside) 

Imperial Valley Safe Streets Task Force 

Kern County Violent Crime/Gang Task Force 

Los Angeles Metro Task Force On Violent Gangs 

North Bay Regional Gang Task Force 

North Central Coast Gang Task Force 

North County Regional Gang Task Force 

Sacramento Valley Gang Suppression Team 

Safe Streets East Bay Task Force 

San Francisco Safe Streets Violent Crimes Task Force 

San Gabriel Valley Safe Streets Violent Gang Task Force 

Santa Ana Gang Task Force 

Santa Clara County Violent Gang Task Force 

Solano County Violent Gang Safe Streets Task Force 

South LA County Violent Crimes Task Force 

Stockton Violent Crime Task Force 

Ventura County RIACT 

Violent Crime Task Force-Gang Group 


Denver Metro Gang Safe Streets Task Force 
Southern Colorado Violent Gang Safe Streets Task Force 


Bridgeport Safe Streets Gang Violent Crimes Task Force 

New Haven Safe Streets Task Force 

Northern Connecticut Violent Crimes Gang Task Force 


Delaware Violent Crime Safe Streets Gang Task Force 


Daytona Beach Safe Streets Task Force 
Jacksonville Criminal Enterprise Investigative Task Force 
Metro Orlando Safe Streets Gang Task Force 
Palm Beach County Gang and Criminal Organization 
Task Force 

South FL. Gang/Criminal Organization Task Force 
Tampa Bay Safe Streets Task Force 


Atlanta Criminal Enterprise Task Force 

Central Savannah River Area Safe Streets Gang Task 


Conasauga Major Offenders Task Force 
Hall County Major Offenders Task Force 
Northwest Georgia Criminal Enterprise Task Force 
Southwest Georgia Gang Task Force 


Treasure Valley Metro Gang Task Force 


Eastern Illinois Safe Streets Task Force 
Joint Task Force on Gangs - Tactical 

82 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

Joint Task Force on Gangs - West 
Joint Task Force on Gangs II 
Joint Task Force on Gangs-1 
Metro East Safe Streets 
North Suburban Gang Task Force 
Peoria Area Safe Streets Task Force 
Quad Cities Fed Gang Task Force 
Will County Violent Crimes Task Force 


Eastern Centrai Indiana Safe Streets Task Force 
Fort Wayne Safe Streets Gang Task Force 
Gary Response Investigative Team 
Gang Response Investigative Team Tippecanoe 
Indianapolis Metro Gang Safe Streets Task Force 
Wabash Vailey Safe Streets Task Force 


Cedar Rapids Safe Streets Task Force 


Northern Kentucky Safe Streets Task Force 


Calcasieu Parish Gang Task Force 
Capitai Area Gang Task Force 
Centrai Louisiana Gang Task Force 
New Orleans Gang Task Force 
Northeast Louisiana Gang Task Force 
Shreveport Task Force 

South Central Louisiana Safe Streets Task Force 


Southern Maine Gang Task Force 


Prince George’s County Safe Streets Task Force 
Vioient Crime Safe Streets Initiative 


North Shore Gang Task Force 
Southeastern Massachusetts Gang Task Force 
Western Massachusetts Gang Task Force 


Benton Harbor Violent Crime Task Force 
Detroit Vioient Gang Task Force 
Genesee County Safe Streets Task Force 
Mid-Michigan Safe Streets Task Force 
Oakiand County Safe Streets Task Force 


Twin Cities Safe Streets Violent Gang Task Force 


Jackson Safe Streets Task Force 
Southeast Mississippi Safe Streets Task Force 


Kansas City Metropoiitan Gang Task Force 
St. Louis Safe Streets Gang Task Force 


Big Sky Safe Streets Task Force 
Central Montana Gang Task Force 


Central Nebraska Drug and Safe Streets Task Force 
Greater Omaha Safe Streets Task Force 


Las Vegas Safe Streets Gang Task Force 

New Hampshire 

New Hampshire Safe Streets Task Force 

New Jersey 

Jersey Shore Gang and Criminal Organization Task Force 
South Jersey Vioient Incident/Gang Task Force 
South Jersey Vioient Offender and Gang Task Force 

National Gang Intelligence Center 83 

Violent Crime Criminal Enterprise Task Force 
Violent Crimes Incident Task Force 

New Mexico 

Albuquerque Safe Streets FIIDTA Gang Task Force 
Four Corners Safe Streets Task Force 
Southern New Mexico Street Gang Task Force 

New York 

Buffalo Safe Streets Task Force 

Capital District Gang Task Force 

Hudson Valley Safe Streets Violent Gang Task Force 

Long Island Gang Task Force 

Westchester County Violent Crimes Task Force 

North Carolina 

Charlotte Safe Streets Task Force 
Piedmont Triad Safe Streets Gang Task Force 
Raleigh Durham Safe Streets Task Force 
Wilmington Safe Streets Task Force 


Greater Akron Area Safe Streets Task Force 

Mahoning Valley Violent Crime Task Force 

Miami Valley Safe Streets Task Force 

Stark County, Ohio Violent Crime/Fugitive Task Force 


Oklahoma City Metropolitan Gang Task Force 


Portland Metro Gang Task Force 


Bucks County Violent Gang Task Force 
Capital Cities Safe Streets Task Force 
Delaware Valley Violent Crimes Task Force 
Erie Area Gang Law Enforcement Task Force 
Greater Pittsburgh Safe Streets Task Force 
Lehigh Valley Violent Crimes Task Force 

Philadelphia Violent Gang Task Force 
Safe Streets Violent Crimes Task Force 
Safe Streets Violent Drug Gang Task Force 
Steamtown Gang Task Force 
SW Pennsylvania Safe Streets Task Force 

Puerto Rico 

Aguadilla Regional Enforcement Team 
Fajardo Regional Enforcement Team 
Ponce Safe Streets Task Force 
Safe Streets Task Force 

Rhode Island 

Rhode Island Violent Crimes/Gang Task Force 

South Carolina 

Columbia Violent Gang Task Force 
Pee Dee Violent Crime Task Force 


Chattanooga Safe Streets Task Force 

Knoxville Headquarters Safe Streets Violent Crimes 

Task Force 

Nashville Violent Crimes Gang Task Force 
Safe Streets Task Force HQ City 


Austin Violent Crime Gang/Organized Crime Task Force 

Corpus Christ! Violent Crimes Task Force 

East Texas Area Gang Initiative 

El Paso Street and Prison Gang Task Force 

Houston Coastal Safe Streets Task Force 

Multi-Agency Gang Task Force 

Rio Grand Valley Violent Crimes Task Force 

San Antonio Safe Streets Violent Crimes Task Force 

Southeast Texas Safe Streets Task Force 

Tarrant County Safe Streets Task Force 

Violent Crimes and Major Offenders and Gang Task Force 

West Texas Anti-Gang Team 

West Texas Area Major Offender Task Force 

84 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 


Northern Utah Criminal Apprehension Team 
Safe Streets Violent Crime Task Force 


Richmond Area Vioient Enterprise Task Force 
South Piedmont Virginia Gang Task Force 
The Peninsula Safe Streets Task Force 
Tidewater Vioient Crimes Task Force 


Seattle Safe Streets and Gang Task Force 
South Sound Gang Task Force 
Southwest Washington Safe Streets Task Force 
Spokane Vioient Crime Gang Enforcement Team 
Tri-Cities Violent Crime Gang Enforcement Team 

Washington, D.C. 

WFO/MPD/Safe Streets Gang Task Force 

West Virginia 

Eastern Panhandie and Potomac Highiands Safe Streets 
Task Force 

Huntington Vioient Crimes/Drug Task Force 


Gang-Rock County Task Force 
Greater Racine Gang Task Force 

National Gang Intelligence Center 85 


Source: ATF 

86 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 


Source: ICE 

National Gang Intelligence Center 87 



US Department of Defense 
Naval Criminal Investigative Service 
US Army 

Fort Dix Criminal Investigative 

Directorate Emergency Services 

US Department of Homeland 

US Border Patrol 

US Citizenship and Immigration 


US Customs and Border Protection 
US Homeland Security Investigations 
US Department of the Interior 
Bureau of Land Management 
US Department of Justice 
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, 

Firearms and Explosives 
Drug Enforcement Administration 
Federal Bureau of Investigation 
Federal Bureau of Prisons 
Immigration and Customs 

National Drug Intelligence Center 
National Gang Center 
National Gang Intelligence Center 
US Marshals Service 
US Probation and Parole 
US Department of State 



Alabama Fusion Center 
Bessemer Police Department 
Birmingham Police Department 
Etowah County Drug Task Force 
Irondale Police Department 
Madison County Sheriff’s Office 
Pelham Police Department 


Alaska Department of Corrections 
Anchorage Police Department 


Arizona Adult Probation 
Arizona Department of Corrections 
Arizona Department of Juvenile 

Arizona Department of Public Safety 
Arizona DPS-State Gang Task Force 
(GIITEM) Central District 
Arizona State Prison Kingman / MTC 
Cottonwood Police Department 
Lake Havasu City Police Department 
Maricopa County Sheriff’s Office 
Phoenix Police Department 
Rocky Mountain Information 

Scottsdale Police Department 
Tempe Police Department 
Tucson Police Department 


13th Judicial District Deputy 
Prosecutors Office 
Scott County Sheriff’s Office 


Alameda County Sheriff’s Office 
Bakersfield Police Department 
Bear Valley Police Department 
Berkeley Police Department 
Baldwin Park School Police 

California Department of Corrections 
and Rehabilitation 
California Highway Patrol 
Chula Vista Police Department 
Coachella Valley Gang Task Force 
Compton School Police Department 
Concord Police Department 
Corona Police Department 
Delano Community Correctional 

Eureka Police Department 
Exeter Police Department 
Fresno County Sheriff’s Office 
Garden Grove Police Department 
Gilroy Police Department 
Greenfield Police Department 
Hollister Police Department 
Huntington Beach Police 

Inglewood Police Department 
Kern County Sheriff’s Office 
Los Angeles Police Department 
Lincoln Police Department 
Long Beach Police Department 
Los Angeles County District Attorney 
Los Angeles County Probation 

Los Angeles County Sheriff’s 

Marina Police Department 
Merced Multi-Agency Gang Task 

88 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

Montebello Police Department 
Monterey County Probation 

Monterey Police Department 
Morgan Hill Police Department 
Mountain View Poiice Department 
Napa County Probation Department 
Nationai City Poiice Department 
Oakland Police Department 
Office of the Fresno County District 

Oxnard Police Department 
Pacific Grove Poiice Department 
Pittsburg Police Department 
Placer County District Attorney’s 

Riverside County District Attorney’s 

Riverside Sheriff’s Department 
Sacramento County Sheriff’s 

Sacramento Poiice Department 
San Benito County Probation 

San Benito County Sheriff’s Office 
San Bernardino County Sheriff’s 

San Diego County Probation 

San Diego Poiice Department 
San Leandro Poiice Department 
San Luis Obispo County Sheriff’s 

Sanger Poiice Department 
Santa Ana Police Department 
Santa Barbara County Sheriff 
Santa Barbara Police Department 
Santa Barbara Sheriff’s Department 
Santa Ciara County Probation 

Santa Monica Police Department 
San Bernardino County Sheriff’s 

San Diego Sheriff’s Department 
Simi Valley Police Department 
Sonoma County Sheriff’s Office 
South Gate Police Department 
Southern Aiameda County Major 
Crime Task Force 
Stockton Police Department 
Tehachapi Police Department 
Tuolumne County Sheriff 
Ukiah Poiice Department 
Vailejo Poiice Department 
Ventura Police Department 
West Covina Police Department 
West Sacramento Police Department 
Whittier Police Department 


10th Judicial District Probation 

Aurora Police Department 
Colorado Department of Corrections 
Garfield County Sheriff’s Office 
Greeley Police Department 
Mesa County Sheriff’s Office 
Thornton Police Department 


Connecticut State Police 
Danbury Poiice Department 
Meriden Poiice Department 
New Haven Police Department 
South Windsor Poiice Department 
West Hartford Poiice Department 


Delaware State Police 

New Castie County Poiice 
Wiimington Police Department 


US Attorney’s Office 

Washington DC Metropoiitan Poiice 



Alachua County Sheriff’s Office 
Central Florida Intelligence 

Florida Department of Corrections 
Florida Department of Law 

Fort Myers Police Department 
Hernando County Sheriff’s Office 
Highlands County Sheriff’s Office 
Hillsborough County Sheriff 
Jacksonville Sheriff’s Office 
Lake County Sheriff’s Office 
Lee County Sheriff’s Office 
Maitland Police Department 
Marion County Sheriff’s Office 
Martin County Sheriff’s Office 
Miami-Dade Corrections & 
Ocala Police Department 
Okeechobee County Sheriff’s Office 
Orange County Corrections 
Orange County Sheriff’s Office 
Orlando Police Department 
Oviedo Police Department 
Polk County Sheriff’s Office 
Sanford Police Department 
Sarasota Sheriff’s Office 
Seminole County Sheriff’s Office 
Tallahassee Police Department 
Seminole Police Department 

National Gang Intelligence Center 89 

Titusville Police Department 
Volusia County Sheriff’s Office 


Cobb County Sheriff’s Office 
Douglasville Police Department 
Georgia Bureau of Investigation 
Gwinnett County Police Department 
LaGrange Police Department 
Richmond County Board of 
Education Public Safety 
Spalding County Sheriff’s Office 


Bensenville Police Department 
Bloomington Police Department 
Chicago Police Department 
Decatur Police Department 
Dolton Police Department 
DuPage County State’s Attorney’s 

Hanover Park Police Department 
Illinois Department of Corrections 
Jo Daviess County Sheriff’s Office 
Lake County Sheriff Department 
Schaumburg Police Department 


Anderson Police Department 
Boone County Sheriff Department 
Cumberland Police Department 
Elkhart County Sheriff’s Office 
Evansville Police Department 
Indiana Department of Corrections 
Parke County Sheriff’s Office 
Pendleton Correctional Facility 
Richmond Police Department 
Southwest Indiana Violent Crime 
Task Force 


Dubuque Police Department 
Iowa Department of Corrections 
Jasper County Sheriff’s Office 
Storm Lake Police Department 
Warren County Sheriff’s Office 


Kansas Bureau of Investigation 
Lawrence Police Department 
Topeka Police Department 
Wichita Police Department 


Henderson Police Department 
Kentucky Department of Juvenile 

Louisville Metro Police Department 
McCracken County Regional Jail 


Alexandria Police Narcotics Division 
Creola Police Department 
Denham Springs Police Department 
Grant Parish Constable 
Grant Parish Sheriff’s Office 
Iberia Parish Sheriff’s Office 
Jefferson Parish Sheriff’s Office 
Louisiana Department of Corrections 
Louisiana State Police 
Metro Narcotics of Ouachita 
New Orleans Police Department 
Office of Juvenile Justice 


Lewiston Police Department 


Anne Arundel County Police 

Calvert County Sheriff’s Office 
Charles County Sheriff’s Office 
Greenbelt City Police Department 
Hagerstown Department of Police 
Harford County Sheriff’s Office 
Maryland Coordination and Analysis 

Maryland Department of Corrections 
Montgomery County Police 
Prince George’s County Police 

Wicomico County Department of 


Boston Police Department 
Chicopee Police Department 
Fitchburg Police Department 
Hampden County Sheriff’s 

Haverhill Police Department 
Holyoke Police Department 
Lowell Police Department 
Massachusetts State Police 
Springfield Police Department 
Worcester Police Department 


Benton Township Police Department 
Berrien County Sheriff’s Department 
Escanaba Public Safety Department 
Grand Rapids Police Department 
Holland Police Department 
Muskegon Police Department 
Oakland County Violent Gang Task 

Ottawa County Sheriff’s Office 
Unadilla Township Police 

West Michigan Enforcement Team 

90 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 


Dakota County Community 

Minneapolis Poiice Department 
Owatonna Police Department 
Prairie Isiand Tribai Police 
Saint Peter Poiice Department 
Shakopee Poiice Department 


Quit Coast Regionai Fugitive Task 

Guifport Poiice Department 
Magee Police Department 
Narcotics Task Force of Jackson 

US Attorney’s Office, Southern 
District of Mississippi 


Berkeley Police Department 
Joplin Police Department 
Kansas City Missouri Police 

Missouri Department of Corrections 
Monett Police Department 
Saint Louis County Police 

St. Charles Police Department 
St. Joseph Missouri Police 

St. Louis County Police Department 
St. Louis Metropolitan Police 


Crossroads Correctional Center 
Laurel Police Department 
Missoula Police Department 
Montana Department of Corrections 


Bellevue Police Department 
City of Gering Police Department 
Columbus Police Department 
Crete Police Department 
Grand Island Police Department 
Kearney Police Department 
Omaha Police Department 


Las Vegas Metropolitan Police 

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Belknap County Sheriff’s Department 
Concord Police Department 
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Manchester Police Department 
Manchester Weed and Seed 

Merrimack County Department of 

Nashua Police Department 
Somersworth Police Department 


Bound Brook Police Department 
Essex County Prosecutor’s Office 
Kenilworth Police Department 
Linden Police Department 
Passaic County Sheriff’s Department 


Albuquerque Police Department 
Catron County Sheriff’s Department 
Eddy County Sheriff’s Office 
Pueblo of Acoma Police Department 


Dutchess County Sheriff’s Office 
Glens Falls Police Department 
Nassau County Police Department 


Duplin County Sheriff’s Office 
Durham Police Department 
Fayetteville Police Department 
Gastonia Police Department 
New Hanover County Sheriff 
North Carolina Department of 

Shelby Police Department 
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Heart of America Correctional and 
Treatment Center 
North Dakota Department of 


Akron Police Department 
Canton Police Department 
Columbus, Ohio Division of Police 
Dayton Police Department 
Lake Metroparks Ranger Department 
Montpelier Police Department 
Springfield Ohio Division of Police 


Davis Correctional Facility 
Eastern Shawnee Tribal Police 
North Fork Correctional facility 
Oklahoma City Police Department 
Oklahoma Department of 

Owasso Police Department 

National Gang Intelligence Center 91 


Crook County Sheriff’s Office 
Portiand Poiice Bureau 


Caiifornia University of Pennsyivania 
Poiice Department 
Cumberiand County Prison 
Ephrata Poiice Department 
Lackawanna County District 

Lackawanna County Prison 
Lancaster County District Attorney 
Manheim Borough Police 

Mifflin County Regionai Police 

Montgomery County Adult Probation 
& Paroie Department 
Pennsylvania Capitol Police 
Pennsylvania State Poiice 
Philadelphia-Camden HIDTA 
Slippery Rock University Poiice 


Metropolitan Detention Center, 

Poiice of Puerto Rico 


Providence Police Department 
Rhode Island Department of 


Anderson County Gang Task Force 
Bamberg Police Department 
Charleston County Sheriff Office 
Chester City Poiice Department 
Colieton County Sheriff’s Office 
Columbia Police Department 

Dariington County Sheriff’s Office 
Dariington Police Department 
Dorchester County Sheriff’s Office 
Florence County Sheriff’s Office 
Florence Police Department 
Fountain Inn Police Department 
Greenwood County Sheriff’s Office 
Greenwood Police Department 
Greer Police Department 
Flampton County Sheriff Office 
Hartsville Police Department 
Lancaster City Police Department 
Lancaster Police Department 
Latta Police Department 
Lexington Medical Health Services - 
Public Safety 

Palmetto Protection Agency, Inc. 
Prosperity Police Department 
Rock Hill Police Department 
South Carolina Department of 

Spartanburg Public Safety 

Summerville Police Department 
Timmonsville Police Department 
West Columbia Police Department 


Rapid City Police Department 
Tripp County Sheriff’s Office 


Bradley County Juvenile Detention 
Chattanooga Police Department 
Coffee County Sheriff’s Department 
Columbia Police Department 
Cookeville Police Department 
Covington Police Department 
Fayette County Sheriff’s Department 

Franklin Police Department 
Hardeman County Correctional 

Juvenile Court of Jefferson County 
Knoxville Police Department 
Metro Nashville Police Department 
Oak Ridge Police Department 
Rutherford County Sheriff’s 

Sumner County Sheriff’s Office 
Tennessee Bureau of Investigation 
Tennessee Department of Correction 


Amarillo Police Department 
Andrews Department of Public 

Austin Police Department 
Bastrop County Sheriff’s Office 
Baytown Police Department 
Bexar County Fire Marshal’s Office 
Bosque County Sheriff’s Office 
Collin County District Attorney’s 

Dallas ISD Police & Security 
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Donna ISD Police Department 
El Paso County Sheriff’s Office 
Harlingen Police Department 
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Hidalgo County Constable - Pet 3 
Hidalgo County District Attorney’s 

Hidalgo County Sheriff’s Office 
Hutchinson County Sheriff’s Office 
Kenedy County Sheriff Office 
Luling Police Department 
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Nacogdoches Police Department 

92 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

New Caney ISD Police Department 
Reagan County Sheriff’s Office 
San Antonio Police Department 
San Marcos Police Department 
Schertz Police Department 
Texas Aicoholic Beverage 

Texas Department of Criminal 

Travis County Sheriff’s Office 
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Center Police 


West Valley City Police Department 


No reporting 


Abingdon Police Department 
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Arlington County Police Department 
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Chesapeake Police Department 
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Chincoteague Police Department 
City of Chesapeake Police 

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Virginia State Police 

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Everson Police Department 
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Nisqually Indian Tribe 
Northwest High Intensity Drug 
Trafficking Area 
Seattle Police Department 
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Eastern Panhandle Potomac 
Highlands SSTF 
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Lac Courte Oreilles Tribal Police 
Milwaukee Police Department 
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Wyoming Highway Patrol 

National Gang Intelligence Center 93 


’ us Department of Justice (USDOJ); “Highlights of the 2009 
Nationai Youth Gang Survey;” Office of Juvenile Justice and 
Deiinquency Prevention; National Gang Center; May 201 1 . 

^Open Source News Release; “11 Alleged MS-13 Members 
Indicted on Racketeering and Other Charges in a Series of 
Violent Crimes; ICE; 4 May 201 1 . Open Source Article; “Officials 
Concerned About Gang Violence in Prince George’s County;” 
Washington Examiner, available at www.washingtonexaminer. 

^ USDOJ; “Federal Racketeering Indictment Leads to Arrest of 
8 Members, Associates of San Gabriel Valley Street Gang;” Press 
Release; 8 June 2010; available at 
pressroom/pr/201 0/091 .html. 

“ USDOJ; “National Drug Threat Assessment 2010;” National 
Drug Intelligence Center; February 2010. 

= NAGIA Cuick Guide to Gangs, National Alliance of Gang 
Investigators Association; April 2010. 

® Open Source News Article; “Tips for dealing with Asian 
Gangs;” Police One; 21 May 2009; available at www.Policeone. 

^ USDOJ; Nationai Drug Threat Assessment 2010; NDIC; 
February 2010. Open Source News Article, “Pot houses linked to 
gangs, marijuana dispensaries;” Whittier Dai iy News; 6 Sep- 
tember 2010; available at Open 
Source News Article, “Asian Pot Ring Busted, Noted Restaura- 
teur Suspect;” CBS4 Denver; 7 March 2010; available at www. 

® Open Source News Article; “Somali Gangs Ran Sex Ring 
in 3 US States, Authorities Say;” Fox News; 8 November 201 0; 
available at 

® Online news article; “Judge sets $2 million bond in alleged 
murder, robbery;” Ohio Post; 1 5 April 2009. 

FBI Indianapolis Division; “Twenty-Two Charged Federally 
in Evansville Drug Trafficking Case;” Press Release; 4 February 
2010; available at 

" NAGIA Quick Guide to Gangs; National Alliance of Gang 
Investigators Association; April 2010. 

Open Source News Article; “Hybrid Gangs responsible for 
rise in North Las Vegas Crime,” 13 Action News Las Vegas; 25 
July 2010; available at;13. 

Open Source News Article; “Man charged with shooting 
couple on Maple Valley Trail”; The Seattie Times; 3January 201 1 ; 
available at 
ter/201 3837934_man_charged_with_xx_in_connect.html. 

Open Source News Article; “Teen gets probation in 
attacks on homeless;” Gazette-Times; 22 January 2010; 
available at 


US Immigration Customs Enforcement (ICE); “8 Arrested as 
ICE Dismantles Alien Smuggling Ring Linked to Notorious Local 
Street Gang;” News Release; 14 October 2009; available at www. 0/091 01 4losangeles.htm. 

Open Source Website; Human Smuggling and Trafficking 
Center (HSTC) Charter and Amendments; available at www.state. 
gov/m/ds/hstcenter/41 444.htm. 

” DHS; “29 Charged with Sex Trafficking Juveniles;” ICE; 
News Release; 8 November 201 0; available at 
news/releases/1 011/1 01 1 08nashville.htm. 

Open News Source Article; “Report Links Street Gangs to 
Child Prostitution;” KPBS News; 23 November 2010; available 
at 0/nov/09/report-links-street-gangs- 

Open Source News Article; Kevin Johnson; USA Today; 
“Drug Cartels Unite Rival Gangs to Work for Common Bad;” USA 
Today; 16 March 2010. 

“ USDOJ; “National Drug Threat Assessment 2010;” National 
Drug Intelligence Center; February 2010. 

2' USDOJ; “National Drug Threat Assessment 2010;” National 
Drug Intelligence Center; February 2010. 

Open Source News Article; “Drug Cartels Uniting Rival 
Gangs;” USA Today; 3 March 201 0; available at www.usatoday. 

USDOJ; “National Drug Threat Assessment 2010;” National 
Drug Intelligence Center; February 2010. 

Open Source News Article; “US Mexico Drug Gangs Form 
Alliances;” Washington Times; 26 March 2010; available at www. 

Open Source News Article; Kevin Johnson; “Drug Cartels 
Unite Rival Gangs to Work for Common Bad;” USA Today; 16 
March 2010; available at 

Open Source News Article; “US Mexico Drug Gangs Form 
Alliances;” Washington Times; 26 March 2010; available at www. 

USDOJ; “National Drug Threat Assessment 2010;” National 
Drug Intelligence Center; February 2010. Open Source News 
Article; “US Mexico Drug Gangs Form Alliances;” Washington 
Times; 26 March 2010; available at 

Open Source News Article; “La Familia’ North of the Bor- 
der;” STRATFOR Giobai inteiiigence; 3 December 2009; available 
at 203_la_familia_north_ 

Open Source News Article; “New Jersey Authorities Indict 
34 Lucchese Crime Family Bust from ‘Operation Heat’;” New Jer-; 14 May 2010. 

“ Open Source News Article; “Authorities crack down on 
transnational Armenian Power crime group;” CNN; 1 7 February 
201 1 ; available at 

94 National Gang Intelligence Center 

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment 

Open Source News Article; “N.J. Inmate’s Ordered Killing 
Shows Danger of Cell Phones in Prison,” 
June 1 1 , 201 0; Online News Article; “Prosecutor: Trenton 
prison inmate Anthony Kidd used cell phone to order murder 
of girlfriend Kendra Degrasse,” 
ticles/201 0/06/1 1/news/doc4c1 1432d64621687151693.txt; June 
12, 2010 

Open Source News Article; “Prisoner Ordered Hit Outside of 
Prison With Smuggle Cell Phone;” 13 September 2010; avail- 
able at 

Open Source News Article; “Parole Worker Leaked Informa- 
tion to Gang Member;” Fox News New York-, 1 November 2010; 
available at 

“ Open Source News Article; “Former Deputy Headed for 
Prison;", 30 July 2010; available at 

Open Source News Article; “Ex-Cop, James Formate, 
Pleads Guilty in Mob Case;" CBS News Chicago; 25 April 2010; 
available at www.thechicagosyndicate. com/201 0/04/ex-cop- 

Online publication; Bureau of Justice Statistics; Jails in 
Indian Country, 2008; December 2009; available at http://bjs.ojp. 

Open Source News Article; “Mexican Pot Gangs Infil- 
trate Indian Reservations in U.S;” The Waii Street Journai; 5 
November 2009; available at 

SB1 25736987377028727.html. 

Open Source News Article; “Crunching Numbers in 
Mexico’s Drug Conflict;” BBC News; 14 January 201 1 ; available 

Stratfor Global Intelligence Center; “Mexican Drug Wars: 
Bloodiest Year to Date;” 20 December 201 0. 

" Open Source News Article; “Napolitano: Border security 
better than ever;” CBS News; 25 March 201 1 ; http;//www.cb- -503544J 62-200471 02-503544.html. 

USDOJ; “National Drug Threat Assessment 2010;” National 
Drug Intelligence Center; February 2010. 

'>2 USDOJ; “National Drug Threat Assessment 2010;” National 
Drug Intelligence Center; February 2010. 

“ Open Source News Article; “Barrio /\zteca threat targets 
law officers;” Ei Paso Times; 25 March 201 0; available at www. 4753458. 

USDOJ; “National Drug Threat Assessment 2010;” National 
Drug Intelligence Center; February 2010. 

'>= USDOJ; “National Drug Threat Assessment 2010;” National 
Drug Intelligence Center; February 2010. 

USDOJ; “National Drug Threat Assessment 2010;” National 
Drug Intelligence Center; February 2010. 

" Press Release; “Former Marines Arrested on Weapons 
Charges;” USDOJ; ATF; 8 November 2010. 

Press Release; “Three men, US Navy Seal, Arrested for Un- 
lawfully Trafficking in Machine Guns;” US DOJ; ATF; 4 November 

“ Open Source News Article;, “California Gang 
Officers Again Targeted by Booby-Trap, ”1 March 2010; available 

“ Investigative Consultants; email correspondence; 29 No- 
vember 2010. 

Investigative Consultants; email correspondence; 29 No- 
vember 2010. Superior Court of the State of California, County 
of Los Angeles, Central District; First Amended Compiaint for 
injunction and Civii Penaities; 1 5 March 201 0. 

“ Cpen Source News Article; “Seeing Green;” Baitimore City 
Paper; 1 1 August 201 0; available at 

“ Cpen Source News Article; “Two Dozen Charged in Alleged 
Gang-led Mortgage Fraud;” Reuters News; 7 April 2009; available 

“ Cpen Source News Article; “Border Crime Sweep Nets 
Drugs, 246 Arrests;” Sign On San Diego; 28 March 201 1 ; avail- 
able at 

“ FBI; “Violent Border Gang Indicted; Members Charged in 
Consulate Murders;” News Release; 9 March 2011; available at 

“FBI; “Forty-Cne Gang Members and Associates in Five Dis- 
tricts Charged with Crimes Including Racketeering, Murder, Drug 
Trafficking, and Firearms Trafficking;” News Reiease; 9 February 
201 1 ; available at 

National Gang Intelligence Center 95 

National Gang Intelligence Center 
935 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW 
NGIC-VA #405 
Washington, DC 20535